The incidence and severity of hangover the morning after moderate alcohol intoxication
Article first published online: 14 APR 2008
© 2008 The Authors
Volume 103, Issue 5, pages 758–765, May 2008
How to Cite
Howland, J., Rohsenow, D. J., Allensworth-Davies, D., Greece, J., Almeida, A., Minsky, S. J., Arnedt, J. T. and Hermos, J. (2008), The incidence and severity of hangover the morning after moderate alcohol intoxication. Addiction, 103: 758–765. doi: 10.1111/j.1360-0443.2008.02181.x
- Issue published online: 14 APR 2008
- Article first published online: 14 APR 2008
- Submitted 20 April 2007; initial review completed 31 August 2007; final version accepted 27 November 2007
- family history of alcohol problems;
- hangover resistance;
- heavy drinking;
- moderate alcohol intoxication
Aims To determine the incidence and covariates of hangover following a night of moderate alcohol consumption at a targeted breath alcohol level.
Design Data were combined from three randomized cross-over trials investigating the effects of heavy drinking on next-day performance. A total of 172 participants received either alcoholic beverage (mean = 0.115 g% breath alcohol concentration) or placebo on one night and the other beverage a week later. The next day, participants completed a hangover scale.
Participants Participants were 54 professional merchant mariners attending a recertification course at Kalmar Maritime Academy (Kalmar, Sweden) and 118 university students or recent graduates recruited from greater Boston.
Setting One trial was conducted at Kalmar Maritime Academy (Sweden); the other two were conducted at the General Clinical Research Center at Boston Medical Center.
Measurements A nine-item scale assessed hangover.
Findings Hangover was reported by 76% of participants. Neither alcoholic beverage type nor participant characteristics was associated with incidence of hangover.
Conclusions Our findings on the propensity of hangover suggest that 25–30% of drinkers may be resistant to hangover.