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OVERVIEW OF 2010 ISSDP CONFERENCE FOR ADDICTION

  1. Top of page
  2. OVERVIEW OF 2010 ISSDP CONFERENCE FOR ADDICTION
  3. CONSORT 2010 STATEMENT: UPDATED GUIDELINES FOR REPORTING PARALLEL GROUP RANDOMISED TRIALS
  4. STUDY SHOWS COMPULSIVE EATING SHARES ADDICTIVE BIOCHEMICAL MECHANISM WITH COCAINE AND HEROIN ABUSE
  5. MEPHEDRONE BANNED IN UK
  6. REPORT INTO UK GOVERNMENT'S PROGRESS ON THE HAZARDOUS USE OF TOBACCO, ALCOHOL AND OTHER DRUGS
  7. ONTARIO, CANADA: STUDY FINDS INCREASE IN SMOKING RELATED DISEASE
  8. POLAND: SMOKING BAN IN PUBLIC PLACES FAILS
  9. NEW ZEALAND: SMOKING NUMBERS DROP
  10. AFGHANISTAN IS WORLD'S BIGGEST HASHISH PRODUCER
  11. CONFERENCES AND EVENTS

The fourth conference of the International Society for the Study of Drug Policy (ISSDP) was held on 15-16 March 2010 at the RAND headquarters in Santa Monica, California, USA. The conference bought together a multi-disciplinary field of researchers, advocates, policy advisors and students from over 25 countries, and led to often lively debate about optimum policies and methodological approaches to studying drug policies/policy impacts.

The program was diverse and included sessions on the impacts of economic recession on the drug phenomena, violence and the war on drugs in producer countries, research needs for policy making and a roundtable on improving indicators for the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime.

The international tone for the conference was set by 4 high-level keynote speakers that included Dr Keith Humphreys, senior policy advisor to the White House Drug Policy Branch, and Dr Antonia Maria Costa, executive director to the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime. The conference foresaw change in both US and international drug policy towards more consideration of human rights and less absolute reliance on punishment.

A particular strength of the conference has been the creation of a space for critical thought and debate on what is often a difficult area to study. Since its inception there have been clear advances in the conceptualisation of drug policies. Two new lessons were the increasing need to consider the impacts of drug policies beyond national borders, especially how nations can mitigate the unintended consequences of demand-driven countries (e.g. USA on their Mexican and Colombian neighbours), and the need to develop better comparators, whether it be other nations or regions, to determine impacts in the absence of particular policies. A more contentious issue raised was the extent to which national drug strategy evaluations and government funded research in general co-opt drug policy researchers into reinforcing the status quo. The conference once again reinforced the need for forums such as ISSDP that bring together researchers and policy makers to enable critical analysis and interchange about drug policy, drug policy analysis and future directions for quality improvement.

The full program of the 2010 conference is available from the ISSDP website: http://www.issdp.org.

Overview provided by Dr Caitlin Hughes, Drug Policy Modelling Program, UNSW, Australia.

CONSORT 2010 STATEMENT: UPDATED GUIDELINES FOR REPORTING PARALLEL GROUP RANDOMISED TRIALS

  1. Top of page
  2. OVERVIEW OF 2010 ISSDP CONFERENCE FOR ADDICTION
  3. CONSORT 2010 STATEMENT: UPDATED GUIDELINES FOR REPORTING PARALLEL GROUP RANDOMISED TRIALS
  4. STUDY SHOWS COMPULSIVE EATING SHARES ADDICTIVE BIOCHEMICAL MECHANISM WITH COCAINE AND HEROIN ABUSE
  5. MEPHEDRONE BANNED IN UK
  6. REPORT INTO UK GOVERNMENT'S PROGRESS ON THE HAZARDOUS USE OF TOBACCO, ALCOHOL AND OTHER DRUGS
  7. ONTARIO, CANADA: STUDY FINDS INCREASE IN SMOKING RELATED DISEASE
  8. POLAND: SMOKING BAN IN PUBLIC PLACES FAILS
  9. NEW ZEALAND: SMOKING NUMBERS DROP
  10. AFGHANISTAN IS WORLD'S BIGGEST HASHISH PRODUCER
  11. CONFERENCES AND EVENTS

The CONSORT Group (Consolidated Standards of Reporting Trials) has published CONSORT 2010, which provides newly-updated guidance to improve the reporting of trial findings. The first CONSORT statement was published in 1996 and revised in 2001. It includes a checklist to help authors write reports of randomized controlled trials so that others can judge the reliability and validity of the results. The latest version, CONSORT 2010, improves the specificity and clarity of the previous checklist. Several new items will also make it easier for decision makers to judge the soundness of trial results. The publication of CONSORT 2010 now makes the previous version, CONSORT 2001 Statement, out-dated. Authors, editors, reviewers and readers are recommended to refer to this most up-to-date version when writing or interpreting reports of clinical trials.

More than 400 journals and three leading editorial groups across the world have now given their official support to CONSORT.

STUDY SHOWS COMPULSIVE EATING SHARES ADDICTIVE BIOCHEMICAL MECHANISM WITH COCAINE AND HEROIN ABUSE

  1. Top of page
  2. OVERVIEW OF 2010 ISSDP CONFERENCE FOR ADDICTION
  3. CONSORT 2010 STATEMENT: UPDATED GUIDELINES FOR REPORTING PARALLEL GROUP RANDOMISED TRIALS
  4. STUDY SHOWS COMPULSIVE EATING SHARES ADDICTIVE BIOCHEMICAL MECHANISM WITH COCAINE AND HEROIN ABUSE
  5. MEPHEDRONE BANNED IN UK
  6. REPORT INTO UK GOVERNMENT'S PROGRESS ON THE HAZARDOUS USE OF TOBACCO, ALCOHOL AND OTHER DRUGS
  7. ONTARIO, CANADA: STUDY FINDS INCREASE IN SMOKING RELATED DISEASE
  8. POLAND: SMOKING BAN IN PUBLIC PLACES FAILS
  9. NEW ZEALAND: SMOKING NUMBERS DROP
  10. AFGHANISTAN IS WORLD'S BIGGEST HASHISH PRODUCER
  11. CONFERENCES AND EVENTS

In a study recently published in Nature Neuroscience, scientists have shown for the first time that the same molecular mechanisms that drive people into drug addiction lie behind the compulsion to overeat, pushing people into obesity. The study explains what happens in the brains of rats when they have easy access to high-calorie, high-fat food. In rat models, the development of obesity coincides with a progressively deteriorating chemical balance in reward brain circuitries. As these pleasure centres in the brain become less and less responsive, rats quickly develop compulsive overeating habits and become obese. The same changes occur in the brains of rats that over consume cocaine or heroin, and are thought to play an important role in the development of compulsive drug use. These findings confirm that overconsumption of highly pleasurable food triggers addiction-like neuroadaptive responses in brain reward circuitries, driving the development of compulsive eating. Common mechanisms may therefore underlie both obesity and drug addiction.

Source: The Scripps Research Institute, http://www.scripps.edu/news/press/20100329.html

MEPHEDRONE BANNED IN UK

  1. Top of page
  2. OVERVIEW OF 2010 ISSDP CONFERENCE FOR ADDICTION
  3. CONSORT 2010 STATEMENT: UPDATED GUIDELINES FOR REPORTING PARALLEL GROUP RANDOMISED TRIALS
  4. STUDY SHOWS COMPULSIVE EATING SHARES ADDICTIVE BIOCHEMICAL MECHANISM WITH COCAINE AND HEROIN ABUSE
  5. MEPHEDRONE BANNED IN UK
  6. REPORT INTO UK GOVERNMENT'S PROGRESS ON THE HAZARDOUS USE OF TOBACCO, ALCOHOL AND OTHER DRUGS
  7. ONTARIO, CANADA: STUDY FINDS INCREASE IN SMOKING RELATED DISEASE
  8. POLAND: SMOKING BAN IN PUBLIC PLACES FAILS
  9. NEW ZEALAND: SMOKING NUMBERS DROP
  10. AFGHANISTAN IS WORLD'S BIGGEST HASHISH PRODUCER
  11. CONFERENCES AND EVENTS

Mephedrone, the ‘legal high’ that has become a popular street drug, was classed as an illegal drug in the UK from April 2010. The ban on mephedrone came despite the resignation of two members of the Advisory Council on the Misuse of Drugs (ACMD).

In his resignation letter, ACMD member Eric Carlin said the decision to ban the drug was made despite there being ‘little or no discussion about how our recommendation to classify this drug would be likely to impact on young people's behaviour’.

REPORT INTO UK GOVERNMENT'S PROGRESS ON THE HAZARDOUS USE OF TOBACCO, ALCOHOL AND OTHER DRUGS

  1. Top of page
  2. OVERVIEW OF 2010 ISSDP CONFERENCE FOR ADDICTION
  3. CONSORT 2010 STATEMENT: UPDATED GUIDELINES FOR REPORTING PARALLEL GROUP RANDOMISED TRIALS
  4. STUDY SHOWS COMPULSIVE EATING SHARES ADDICTIVE BIOCHEMICAL MECHANISM WITH COCAINE AND HEROIN ABUSE
  5. MEPHEDRONE BANNED IN UK
  6. REPORT INTO UK GOVERNMENT'S PROGRESS ON THE HAZARDOUS USE OF TOBACCO, ALCOHOL AND OTHER DRUGS
  7. ONTARIO, CANADA: STUDY FINDS INCREASE IN SMOKING RELATED DISEASE
  8. POLAND: SMOKING BAN IN PUBLIC PLACES FAILS
  9. NEW ZEALAND: SMOKING NUMBERS DROP
  10. AFGHANISTAN IS WORLD'S BIGGEST HASHISH PRODUCER
  11. CONFERENCES AND EVENTS

The Advisory Council on the Misuse of Drugs (ACMD) has published an assessment of the UK government's progress in addressing young people's hazardous use of tobacco, alcohol and other drugs. Pathways to Problems 2009 considers the implementation of recommendations made in the ACMD's original Pathways to Problems report published in 2006. The report finds that whilst some progress has been made in areas such as an increase in alcohol duty by two per cent above inflation and an increase in cider duty rates by 10% above inflation, there is clearly still work to be done in this crucial area of exposure to and use of alcohol by young people. In particular, the ACMD calls for further action on minimum-price legislation to stop supermarkets selling alcohol at heavily discounted prices, implementation of a Licensing Act Review, reduction of the blood alcohol concentration level for drivers under the age of 25 years, tax on drinks according to alcoholic strength, and a stricter code for alcohol advertising and sponsorship. The ACMD also reiterates its call for an equivalent independent expert body to advise on the misuse of alcohol and tobacco and ensure that the government receives the best possible advice in this area.

These recommendations come at the same time as new figures released by the UK Department of Health report that the rate of hospital admissions for alcohol-related harm increased by around 70% between 2002/03 and 2008/09, rising from 925 admissions per 100 000 population to 1583 admissions per 100 000 population.

Sources:

ONTARIO, CANADA: STUDY FINDS INCREASE IN SMOKING RELATED DISEASE

  1. Top of page
  2. OVERVIEW OF 2010 ISSDP CONFERENCE FOR ADDICTION
  3. CONSORT 2010 STATEMENT: UPDATED GUIDELINES FOR REPORTING PARALLEL GROUP RANDOMISED TRIALS
  4. STUDY SHOWS COMPULSIVE EATING SHARES ADDICTIVE BIOCHEMICAL MECHANISM WITH COCAINE AND HEROIN ABUSE
  5. MEPHEDRONE BANNED IN UK
  6. REPORT INTO UK GOVERNMENT'S PROGRESS ON THE HAZARDOUS USE OF TOBACCO, ALCOHOL AND OTHER DRUGS
  7. ONTARIO, CANADA: STUDY FINDS INCREASE IN SMOKING RELATED DISEASE
  8. POLAND: SMOKING BAN IN PUBLIC PLACES FAILS
  9. NEW ZEALAND: SMOKING NUMBERS DROP
  10. AFGHANISTAN IS WORLD'S BIGGEST HASHISH PRODUCER
  11. CONFERENCES AND EVENTS

A study published in the Archives of Internal Medicine shows that in Ontario, Canada the prevalence of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) jumped 64.8% between 1996 and 2007. Adjusted for population growth and other demographic changes over time, the relative increase is 23%. The authors report that the numbers are likely similar across Canada. The biggest increases in COPD diagnoses over time have been among women. Smoking became more socially acceptable for females in the 1950s and '60s, and the results are now showing up in pulmonary disease. The study also contains some hopeful numbers. While actual cases of COPD have gone up, mortality rates are going down as treatment improves for COPD and related sicknesses that often worsen the patient's condition.

Source: Spencer C. Study: Huge increase in smoking-related disease. Cnews, 22 March 2010. Available at: http://cnews.canoe.ca/CNEWS/Canada/2010/03/22/13319041-qmi.html

POLAND: SMOKING BAN IN PUBLIC PLACES FAILS

  1. Top of page
  2. OVERVIEW OF 2010 ISSDP CONFERENCE FOR ADDICTION
  3. CONSORT 2010 STATEMENT: UPDATED GUIDELINES FOR REPORTING PARALLEL GROUP RANDOMISED TRIALS
  4. STUDY SHOWS COMPULSIVE EATING SHARES ADDICTIVE BIOCHEMICAL MECHANISM WITH COCAINE AND HEROIN ABUSE
  5. MEPHEDRONE BANNED IN UK
  6. REPORT INTO UK GOVERNMENT'S PROGRESS ON THE HAZARDOUS USE OF TOBACCO, ALCOHOL AND OTHER DRUGS
  7. ONTARIO, CANADA: STUDY FINDS INCREASE IN SMOKING RELATED DISEASE
  8. POLAND: SMOKING BAN IN PUBLIC PLACES FAILS
  9. NEW ZEALAND: SMOKING NUMBERS DROP
  10. AFGHANISTAN IS WORLD'S BIGGEST HASHISH PRODUCER
  11. CONFERENCES AND EVENTS

The British Medical Journal reports that an attempt to impose a complete ban on smoking in public places in Poland failed when its Senate approved a bill allowing smoking in bars and restaurants that have more than one room, as long as a no smoking room is provided, and in hotels and student accommodation.

According to Lukasz Balwicki, of the Department of Public Health and Social Medicine at the Medical University of Gdask, the tobacco lobby had worked hard against a comprehensive ban on smoking in public. ‘The tobacco industry tried to convince [the government] that new stronger regulations would lower revenue coming from tobacco taxes. In times of a financial downturn this is a strong argument,’ Dr Balwicki said.

Poland had ratified the World Health Organization's Framework Convention on Tobacco Control in 2006 and for the past three years had been debating a more comprehensive public smoking ban. Recent legislation moves Poland towards a more industry-favourable stance and represents a step backward from current Polish law approved in 1995, which bans smoking in hospitals, schools, and workplaces.

Source: Stafford N. Attempt to introduce smoking ban in public places fails in Poland. BMJ 2010; 340: c1760.

NEW ZEALAND: SMOKING NUMBERS DROP

  1. Top of page
  2. OVERVIEW OF 2010 ISSDP CONFERENCE FOR ADDICTION
  3. CONSORT 2010 STATEMENT: UPDATED GUIDELINES FOR REPORTING PARALLEL GROUP RANDOMISED TRIALS
  4. STUDY SHOWS COMPULSIVE EATING SHARES ADDICTIVE BIOCHEMICAL MECHANISM WITH COCAINE AND HEROIN ABUSE
  5. MEPHEDRONE BANNED IN UK
  6. REPORT INTO UK GOVERNMENT'S PROGRESS ON THE HAZARDOUS USE OF TOBACCO, ALCOHOL AND OTHER DRUGS
  7. ONTARIO, CANADA: STUDY FINDS INCREASE IN SMOKING RELATED DISEASE
  8. POLAND: SMOKING BAN IN PUBLIC PLACES FAILS
  9. NEW ZEALAND: SMOKING NUMBERS DROP
  10. AFGHANISTAN IS WORLD'S BIGGEST HASHISH PRODUCER
  11. CONFERENCES AND EVENTS

According to the New Zealand Ministry of Health's 2009 Tobacco Use Survey, the smoking rate for New Zealanders aged between 15 and 64 years was 21.8%, down from 23.9% in 2008. The 2009 youth smoking rate was also lower, at 18.0% compared to 2008's figure of 20.8%. In New Zealand, one percentage point drop in smoking represents about 30 000 fewer smokers. The figures reportedly represent the biggest drop in smoking rates for a decade. The full report on the 2009 Tobacco Use Survey is planned for release in October 2010.

AFGHANISTAN IS WORLD'S BIGGEST HASHISH PRODUCER

  1. Top of page
  2. OVERVIEW OF 2010 ISSDP CONFERENCE FOR ADDICTION
  3. CONSORT 2010 STATEMENT: UPDATED GUIDELINES FOR REPORTING PARALLEL GROUP RANDOMISED TRIALS
  4. STUDY SHOWS COMPULSIVE EATING SHARES ADDICTIVE BIOCHEMICAL MECHANISM WITH COCAINE AND HEROIN ABUSE
  5. MEPHEDRONE BANNED IN UK
  6. REPORT INTO UK GOVERNMENT'S PROGRESS ON THE HAZARDOUS USE OF TOBACCO, ALCOHOL AND OTHER DRUGS
  7. ONTARIO, CANADA: STUDY FINDS INCREASE IN SMOKING RELATED DISEASE
  8. POLAND: SMOKING BAN IN PUBLIC PLACES FAILS
  9. NEW ZEALAND: SMOKING NUMBERS DROP
  10. AFGHANISTAN IS WORLD'S BIGGEST HASHISH PRODUCER
  11. CONFERENCES AND EVENTS

The first ever UNODC report on cannabis in Afghanistan has found that the world's biggest producer of opium is also a major producer of cannabis. The survey estimates that between 10 000 and 24 000 hectares of cannabis plant are grown in Afghanistan every year. The survey is based on data from 1634 villages in 20 provinces. It shows that there is large-scale cannabis plant cultivation in half of Afghanistan's provinces. The gross income gained per hectare of cannabis plant (US$ 3900) is higher than that of opium poppy (US$ 3600). The study also found that it is three times cheaper to cultivate a hectare of cannabis plant than a hectare of opium poppy. As a result, the net income of a hectare of cannabis plant is US$ 3341 compared to US$ 2005 per hectare of opium poppy, although opium poppy is still favoured over cannabis plant among Afghan farmers because of the greater water requirements of the cannabis crop.

CONFERENCES AND EVENTS

  1. Top of page
  2. OVERVIEW OF 2010 ISSDP CONFERENCE FOR ADDICTION
  3. CONSORT 2010 STATEMENT: UPDATED GUIDELINES FOR REPORTING PARALLEL GROUP RANDOMISED TRIALS
  4. STUDY SHOWS COMPULSIVE EATING SHARES ADDICTIVE BIOCHEMICAL MECHANISM WITH COCAINE AND HEROIN ABUSE
  5. MEPHEDRONE BANNED IN UK
  6. REPORT INTO UK GOVERNMENT'S PROGRESS ON THE HAZARDOUS USE OF TOBACCO, ALCOHOL AND OTHER DRUGS
  7. ONTARIO, CANADA: STUDY FINDS INCREASE IN SMOKING RELATED DISEASE
  8. POLAND: SMOKING BAN IN PUBLIC PLACES FAILS
  9. NEW ZEALAND: SMOKING NUMBERS DROP
  10. AFGHANISTAN IS WORLD'S BIGGEST HASHISH PRODUCER
  11. CONFERENCES AND EVENTS

36th Annual Alcohol Epidemiology Symposium of the Kettil Bruun Society, 31 May–4 June 2010, Lausanne, Switzerland. Website: http://www.kbs2010.ch/

The Society for Prevention Research (SPR) 18th Annual Meeting: Cells to Society: Prevention at All Levels, 1–4 June 2010, Denver, Colorado, USA. The International Program and the Prevention Research Branch of the National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA) will host the 3rd Annual NIDA International SPR Poster Session at this event. Website: http://www.preventionresearch.org/meeting.php

Collegium Internationale Neuro-Psychopharmacologicum (CINP) 2010 World Congress, 6–10 June 2010, Hong Kong, China. Website: http://www.cinp2010.com

National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA) International Forum: Drug Policy, Research, and the Public Good, 11–15 June 2010, Fairmont Scottsdale, Scottsdale, Arizona, USA. Website: http://international.drugabuse.gov/information/intl_forum_2010.html

The College on Problems of Drug Dependence (CPDD) 72cd Annual Meeting, 12–17 June 2010, The Fairmont Scottsdale, Scottsdale, Arizona, USA. Website: http://www.cpdd.vcu.edu/

2010 UK National Smoking Cessation Conference, 14–15 June 2010, Radisson Hotel, Glasgow, Scotland. Website: http://www.uknscc.org/2010_UKNSCC/intro.html

Inaugural National Indigenous Drug & Alcohol Conference (NIDAC 2010), 16–18 June 2010, Adelaide Convention Centre, Adelaide, South Australia. Website: http://www.nidaconference.com.au/

4th European Alcohol Policy Conference, 16–18 June 2010, Brussels, Belgium. Website: http://www.eurocare.org/press/upcoming_events/4th_european_alcohol_policy_conference_16_18_june_2010_brussels

The International Narcotics Research Conference, 11–16 July 2010, Hilton Hotel, Malmö, Sweden. Website: http://www.inrcworld.org/2010/2010mtg.htm

The International AIDS Society's 18th International AIDS Conference (AIDS 2010), 18–23 July 2010, Vienna, Austria. Website: http://www.aids2010.org/

Translational Research in Methamphetamine Addiction Conference, 19–21 July 2010, Chico Hot Springs and Day Spa, Pray, Montana, USA. Website: http://academicdepartments.musc.edu/neurosciences/TRMA2010/

The 20th Annual Symposium of the International Cannabinoid Research Society, 24–27 July 2010, Scandic Star, Lund, Sweden. Website: http://www.cannabinoidsociety.org/ SYMPOSIUM.2010/index.html

7th Annual Conference of the International Network on Brief Interventions for Alcohol Problems (INEBRIA), 9–10 September 2010, Gothenburg, Sweden. Website: http://www.inebria.net/Du14/html/en/dir1339/doc17916.html

International Society for Biomedical Research on Alcoholism (ISBRA) 2010 Congress, 13–16 September 2010, Paris, France. Website: http://www.isbra2010paris.org/

International Society of Addiction Journal Editors (ISAJE) Annual Meeting, 30 September–3 October 2010, Hotel Josef, Prague, Czech Republic. Website: http://www.parint.org/isajewebsite/meetings2010.htm

The International Society of Addiction Medicine 12th Annual Meeting, 4–7 October 2010, University of Milano-Bicocca, Milan, Italy. Website: http://www.isam2010.medicina.unimib.it/

Congrès International Francophone d'Addictologie—Prévenir et Traiter les Addictions Sans Drogue : Un Defi Societal, 6–8 October 2010, Nantes Cité Internationale des Congrès, Nantes, France. Website: http://www.crje.fr/congres_2010_annonce.html

The American Association of for the Treatment of Opioid Dependence National Conference, 23–27 October 2010, Chicago, Illinois, USA. Website: http://www.aatod.org/ 2010chicago.html

Addictions 2010. The New Frontier in Addiction Treatment: Evidence-Based Policy and Practice, 28–31 October 2010, Sheraton National, Arlington, VA, USA. Website: http://www.addictions-conference.elsevier.com

Association for Medical Education and Research in Substance Abuse (AMERSA) 34th Annual National Conference, 4–6 November 2010, Bethesda, Maryland, USA. Website: http://www.amersa.org, or contact Doreen Baeder at doreen@amersa.org

American Public Health Association Annual Meeting and Exposition, 6–10 November 2010, Denver, Colorado, USA. Website: http://www.apha.org/meetings/

53rd International Council on Alcohol and Addictions (ICAA) Conference on Dependencies, 7–12 November 2010, Cancún, Mexico. Website: http://www.icaa.ch/mexico2010.html

Society for Neuroscience Annual Meeting, 13–17 November, San Diego, California, USA. Website: http://www.sfn.org/am2010/

Alcohol Policy Conference Series #15: Policies for Reducing Problems Associated with Alcohol Availability. 5–7 December 2010, Washington Marriott Wardman Park, Washington, DC, USA. A thematic meeting of the Kettil Bruun Society, organized by the Silver Gate Group. Website: http://www.silvergategroup.com/ap15/index.htm

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