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Empirical support for a multi-dimensional model of sensations experienced by youth during their initial smoking episodes
Article first published online: 16 AUG 2010
© 2010 The Authors, Addiction © 2010 Society for the Study of Addiction
Volume 105, Issue 10, pages 1827–1834, October 2010
How to Cite
Richardson, C. G., Okoli, C. T. C., Ratner, P. A. and Johnson, J. L. (2010), Empirical support for a multi-dimensional model of sensations experienced by youth during their initial smoking episodes. Addiction, 105: 1827–1834. doi: 10.1111/j.1360-0443.2010.03041.x
- Issue published online: 15 SEP 2010
- Article first published online: 16 AUG 2010
- Submitted 25 September 2008; initial review completed 26 January 2009; final version accepted 16 March 2010
- factor analysis;
- initial sensations;
- tobacco smoking
Aims To examine the dimensionality of sensations experienced during initial tobacco smoking.
Design Cross-sectional survey.
Setting Thirteen secondary schools located in British Columbia, Canada.
Participants Data from 1187 adolescents who responded ‘yes’ to the question: ‘Have you ever tried cigarette smoking, even one or two puffs?’.
Measurements Participants answered questions about their demographic characteristics, tobacco smoking history and sensations experienced during their initial smoking episodes.
Findings The sensations appear to represent the following three separate but modestly correlated dimensions: a pleasant dimension defined by feeling good and relaxed; an unpleasant dimension defined by coughing, feeling sick and nervous; and a ‘buzz’ dimension defined by feeling high and dizzy. The three factors made statistically significant contributions to the prediction of transition to regular smoking (defined as having smoked at least 100 cigarettes in one's life-time) after adjusting for age, sex and age at first puff.
Conclusions The results suggest that three relatively distinct physiological systems appear to explain the relationship between initial smoking sensations and probability of becoming a regular smoker. Researchers examining sensations experienced during initial tobacco smoking episodes should consider using a three-dimensional profile of symptoms composed of pleasant, unpleasant and buzz dimensions.