Menthol cigarettes and smoking cessation among racial/ethnic groups in the United States
Article first published online: 8 NOV 2010
© 2010 The Authors, Addiction © 2010 Society for the Study of Addiction
Special Issue: The Role of Mentholated Cigarettes in Smoking Behaviors in United States Populations
Volume 105, Issue Supplement s1, pages 84–94, December 2010
How to Cite
Trinidad, D. R., Pérez-Stable, E. J., Messer, K., White, M. M. and Pierce, J. P. (2010), Menthol cigarettes and smoking cessation among racial/ethnic groups in the United States. Addiction, 105: 84–94. doi: 10.1111/j.1360-0443.2010.03187.x
- Issue published online: 8 NOV 2010
- Article first published online: 8 NOV 2010
- Submitted 28 February 2010; final version accepted 11 August 2010
Aim To examine the association between smoking mentholated cigarettes and smoking cessation, separately for different racial/ethnic groups.
Design Secondary data analysis of the 2003 and 2006–07 Tobacco Use Supplements to the Current Population Survey.
Setting United States.
Participants African American, Asian American/Pacific Islander, Hispanic/Latino, Native American, non-Hispanic white adults.
Measurements Examined relations between the use of mentholated cigarettes and measures of smoking cessation.
Findings Among African Americans (ORadj = 1.62, 95% CI: 1.35–1.95) and Hispanics/Latinos (ORadj = 1.21, 95% CI: 1.00–1.47), those who currently smoked mentholated cigarettes were more likely be seriously considering quitting in the next six months than were non-menthol smokers, after adjusting for sociodemographic factors. African Americans (ORadj = 1.87, 95% CI: 1.60–2.19) and Hispanics/Latinos (ORadj = 1.34, 95% CI: 1.11–1.62) who smoked mentholated cigarettes were also significantly more likely to have a positive estimation of successfully quitting in the next six months compared to non-menthol smokers. These associations were not found among Asian Americans/Pacific Islanders, Native Americans/Alaska Natives and Non-Hispanic Whites. Among former smokers, across racial/ethnic groups, those who smoked mentholated cigarettes (vs. non-menthols) were significantly less likely to have successfully quit for at least six months: African Americans (ORadj = 0.23, 95% CI: 0.17–0.31), Asian Americans/Pacific Islanders (ORadj = 0.22, 95% CI: 0.11–0.45), Hispanics/Latinos (ORadj = 0.48, 95% CI: 0.34–0.69) and Non-Hispanic Whites (ORadj = 0.28, 95% CI: 0.25–0.33).
Conclusion Across race/ethnic groups, those who used to regularly smoke mentholated cigarettes were less likely to have experienced long-term quitting success. Cessation programs should consider the type of cigarette typically smoked by participants, particularly menthols.