Health profile differences for menthol and non-menthol smokers: findings from the national health interview survey
Article first published online: 8 NOV 2010
© 2010 The Authors, Addiction © 2010 Society for the Study of Addiction
Special Issue: The Role of Mentholated Cigarettes in Smoking Behaviors in United States Populations
Volume 105, Issue Supplement s1, pages 124–140, December 2010
How to Cite
Mendiondo, M. S., Alexander, L. A. and Crawford, T. (2010), Health profile differences for menthol and non-menthol smokers: findings from the national health interview survey. Addiction, 105: 124–140. doi: 10.1111/j.1360-0443.2010.03202.x
- Issue published online: 8 NOV 2010
- Article first published online: 8 NOV 2010
- Submitted 29 July 2010; initial review completed 29 July 2010; final version accepted 6 August 2010
- Asthma and menthol smoking;
- BMI and menthol smoking;
- health risk for menthol smokers;
- former smokers;
- current smokers
Aims Although the adverse effects of smoking are well known, limited information exists about the overall health profiles of menthol smokers when compared to their non-menthol smoking counterparts. Using a well-known nationally representative survey, this study examines differences between self-reported health characteristics for menthol and non-menthol smokers.
Design Cross-sectional data from the 2005 National Health Interview Survey and its cancer control supplement were used to analyze responses for current and former smokers (n = 12 004) independently. All analyses were conducted using SAS version 9.2 and SAS callable SUDAAN version 9.0.3. Multiple logistic regression analysis was used to model menthol smoking.
Findings After controlling for sex, age and race, we found that in current smokers the mean number of cigarettes smoked per day is significantly lower for menthol smokers when compared to non-menthol smokers [odds ratio (OR): 0.99; 95% confidence interval (CI): 0.98, 1.00]. Also, we found that former menthol smokers had higher body mass indices (BMIs) (OR: 1.01; 95% CI: 1.00, 1.02) and were more likely to have visited the emergency room due to asthma (OR: 2.30, 95% CI: 1.04, 5.09).
Conclusions Overall, current menthol and non-menthol smokers have similar health profiles. However, menthol smokers reported smoking fewer cigarettes per day than their non-menthol counterparts. While these findings are supportive of other published data, future studies may need to tease out the health-related significance of smoking fewer menthol cigarettes per day but having similar health outcomes to those who smoke more non-menthol cigarettes per day. Additionally, our findings suggest that there may be some differences between the former menthol and non-menthol smoker.