Occupational status, work-site cessation programs and policies and menthol smoking on quitting behaviors of US smokers
Article first published online: 8 NOV 2010
© 2010 The Authors, Addiction © 2010 Society for the Study of Addiction
Special Issue: The Role of Mentholated Cigarettes in Smoking Behaviors in United States Populations
Volume 105, Issue Supplement s1, pages 95–104, December 2010
How to Cite
Alexander, L. A., Crawford, T. and Mendiondo, M. S. (2010), Occupational status, work-site cessation programs and policies and menthol smoking on quitting behaviors of US smokers. Addiction, 105: 95–104. doi: 10.1111/j.1360-0443.2010.03227.x
- Issue published online: 8 NOV 2010
- Article first published online: 8 NOV 2010
- Submitted 21 September 2010; initial review completed 21 September 2010; final version accepted 29 September 2010
- Blue-collar workers;
- quitting behaviors;
- service industry workers;
Aim This exploratory study sought to examine the relationships among occupational status, menthol smoking preference and employer-sponsored smoking cessation programs and policies on quitting behaviors.
Design Data for this cross-sectional study were obtained from the 2006 Tobacco Use Supplement to the Current Population Survey (TUS CPS), a large national survey representative of the civilian population, containing approximately 240 000 respondents. The total sample for the current study was 30 176.
Measurements The TUS CPS regularly collects data on cigarette prevalence, quitting behaviors, smoking history and consumption patterns. We performed a logistic regression with ‘life-time quitting smoking for 1 day or longer because they were trying to quit’ as outcome variable. Independent variables included type of occupation, employer-sponsored cessation programs and policies and menthol status.
Findings When controlling for occupational status and work-place policies, there were no differences for menthol versus non-menthol smokers on quitting behaviors [odds ratio (OR) = 0.98; 95% confidence interval (CI) = 0.83, 1.15]. Service workers were less likely to quit compared with white-collar workers (OR = 0.80; 95% CI = 0.69, 0.94), and those with no employer-sponsored cessation program were less likely to quit (OR = 0.70; 95% CI = 0.60, 0.83). White-collar workers, compared with blue-collar and service workers, were more likely to have a smoking policy in the work area (93% versus 86% versus 88%, respectively).
Conclusions When occupational status and work-place smoking policies are controlled for, smokers of menthol cigarettes in the United States appear to have similar self-reported life-time rates of attempts to stop smoking to non-menthol smokers.