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    Rehm J., Mathers C., Popova S., Thavorncharoensap M., Teerawattananon Y., Patra J. Global burden of disease and injury and economic cost attributable to alcohol use and alcohol use disorders. Lancet 2009; 373: 222333.
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    World Health Organization (WHO). Global Health Risks—Mortality and Burden of Disease Attributable to Selected Major Risks. Geneva: WHO; 2009.
  • 3
    Parry C. D. H., Rehm J. R., Poznyak V., Room R. Alcohol and infectious diseases: are there causal linkages? Addiction 2009; 104: 3312.
  • 4
    Lönnroth K., Williams B., Stadlin S., Jaramillo E., Dye C. Alcohol use as a risk factor for tuberculosis—a systematic review. BMC Public Health 2008; 8: 289.
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    Rehm J., Baliunas D., Borges G. L. G., Graham K., Irving H. M., Kehoe T. et al. The relation between different dimensions of alcohol consumption and burden of disease—an overview. Addiction 2010;105: 81743.
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    Puddey I. B., Rakic V., Dimmitt S. B., Beilin L. J. Influence of pattern of drinking on cardiovascular disease and cardiovascular risk factors—a review. Addiction 1999; 94: 64963.
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    Rehm J., Room R., Graham K., Monteiro M., Gmel G., Sempos C. The relationship of average volume of alcohol consumption and patterns of drinking to burden of disease—an overview. Addiction 2003; 98: 120928.
  • 8
    Gmel G., Rehm J. Harmful alcohol use. Alcohol Res Health 2003; 27: 5262.
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    Lachenmeier D. W., Rehm J., Gmel G. Surrogate alcohol: what do we know and where do we go? Alcohol Clin Exp Res 2007; 31: 161324.
  • 10
    Lachenmeier D. W., Kanteres F., Rehm J. Carcinogenicity of acetaldehyde in alcoholic beverages: risk assessment outside ethanol metabolism. Addiction 2009; 104: 53350.
  • 11
    Kanteres F., Lachenmeier D. W., Rehm J. The contribution of acetaldehyde from alcohol to cancer: a review and exposure estimate for Germany. Sucht 2009; 55: 1117.
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    Rehm J., Room R., Taylor B. Method for moderation: measuring lifetime risk of alcohol-attributable mortality as a basis for drinking guidelines. Int J Methods Psychiatr Res 2008; 17: 14151.
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    Taylor B., Rehm J., Room R., Patra J., Bondy S. Determination of lifetime injury mortality risk in Canada in 2002 by drinking amount per occasion and number of occasions. Am J Epidemiol 2008; 168: 111925.
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    Zatonski W., Manczuk M., Sulkowska U. HEM Project Team: Closing the Health Gap in European Union. Warsaw: Cancer Epidemiology and Prevention Division, the Maria Sklodowska-Curie Memorial Cencer Center and Institute of Oncology; 2008.
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    Rehm J., Sulkowska U., Manczuk M., Boffetta P., Powles J., Popova S. et al. Alcohol accounts for a high proportion of premature mortality in central and eastern Europe. Int J Epidemiol 2007; 36: 45867.
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    Anderson P., Chisholm D., Fuhr D. Effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of policies and programmes to reduce the harm caused by alcohol. Lancet 2009; 373: 223446.
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    Ezzati M., Lopez A., Rodgers A., Murray C. Comparative Quantification of Health Risks. Global and Regional Burden of Disease Attributable to Selected Major Risk Factors. Geneva: World Health Organization; 2004.
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    Rehm J., Room R., Monteiro M., Gmel G., Graham R., Rehn N. et al. Alcohol use. In: EzzatiM., LopezA., RodgersA., MurrayC., editors. Comparative Quantification of Health Risks. Global and Regional Burden of Disease Attributable to Selected Major Risk Factors, vol. 1. Geneva: World Health Organization; 2004.
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    Corrao G., Rubbiati L., Bagnardi V., Zambon A., Poikolainen K. Alcohol and coronary heart disease: a meta-analysis. Addiction 2000; 95: 150523.
  • 21
    Taylor B., Irving H. M., Kanteres F., Room R., Borges G., Cherpitel C. et al. The more you drink, the harder you fall: a systematic review and meta-analysis of how acute alcohol consumption and injury or collision risk increase together. Drug Alcohol Depend 2010; 110: 10816.
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    Borges G., Cherpitel C., Orozco R., Bond J., Ye Y., Macdonald S. et al. Multicenter study of acute alcohol use and non-fatal injuries: data from the WHO collaborative study on alcohol and injuries. Bull World Health Organ 2006; 84: 45360.
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    Roerecke M., Rehm J. Irregular heavy drinking occasions and risk of ischemic heart disease: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Am J Epidemiol 2010; 171: 63344. [Epub ahead of print February 8].
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    Coppéré H., Audigier J. C. Trends of mortality from cirrhosis in France between 1925 and 1982. Gastroenterol Clin Biol 1986; 10: 46874.
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    Rehm J., Patra J., Popova S. Alcohol drinking cessation and its effect on oesophageal and head and neck cancers: a pooled analysis. Int J Cancer 2007; 121: 11317.
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    Elder R. W., Lawrence B., Ferguson A., Naimi T. S., Brewer R. D., Chattopadhyay S. K. et al. The effectiveness of tax policy interventions for reducing excessive alcohol consumption and related harms. Am J Prev Med 2010; 38: 21729.
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    Koski A., Sirén R., Vuori E., Poikolainen K. Alcohol tax cuts and increase in alcohol-positive sudden deaths: a time–series intervention analysis. Addiction 2007; 102: 3628.
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    Wilkinson C., Room R. Informational and warning labels on alcohol containers, sales, places and advertisements: experience internationally and evidence on effects. Drug Alcohol Rev 2009; 28: 42635. doi: 10.1111/j.1465-3362.2009.00055.x.
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    Rehm J., Taylor B., Room R. Global burden of disease from alcohol, illicit drugs and tobacco. Drug Alcohol Rev 2006; 25: 50313.
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    Office for National Statistics. Alcohol Deaths. Available at: (accessed December 2009).
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    Wilsnack R. W., Wilsnack S. C., Kristjanson A. F., Vogeltanz-Holm N. D., Gmel G. Gender and alcohol consumption: patterns from the multinational GENACIS project. Addiction 2009; 104: 1487500.
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    Spoth R., Greenberg M., Turrisi R. Preventive interventions addressing underage drinking: state of the evidence and steps toward public health impact. Pediatrics 2008; 121: S31136.
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    Chisholm D., Rehm J., van Ommeren M., Monteiro M. Reducing the global burden of hazardous alcohol use: a comparative cost-effectiveness analysis. J Stud Alcohol 2004; 65: 78293.
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    Zaridze D., Maximovitch D., Lazarev A., Igitov V., Boroda A., Boreham J. et al. Alcohol poisoning is a main determinant of recent mortality trends in Russia: evidence from a detailed analysis of mortality statistics and autopsies. Int J Epidemiol 2009; 38: 14353.
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    European Food Safety Authority (EFSA). Ethyl carbamate and hydrocyanic acid in food and beverages. EFSA 2007; 551: 144.
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    Lachenmeier D. W., Sarsh B., Rehm J. The composition of alcohol products from markets in Lithuania and Hungary, and potential health consequences: a pilot study. Alcohol Alcohol 2009; 44: 93102.
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    Lachenmeier D. W., Ganss S., Rychlak B., Rehm J., Sulkowska U., Skiba M. et al. Association between quality of cheap and unrecorded alcohol products and public health consequences in Poland. Alcohol Clin Exp Res in press; 2010;33: 175769.
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    Baan R., Straif K., Grosse Y., Secretan B., El Ghissassi F., Bouvard V. et al. on behalf of the WHO International Agency for Research on Cancer Monograph Working Group. Carcinogenicity of alcoholic beverages. Lancet Oncol 2007; 8: 2923.
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    Rehm J., Kehoe T., Gmel G., Stinson F., Grant B., Gmel G. Statistical modelling of volume of alcohol exposure for epidemiological studies of population health: the example of the US. Popul Health Metr in press; 2010;8: 3.