Towards a national model for managing impaired driving offenders
Article first published online: 11 MAR 2011
© 2011 The Authors, Addiction © 2011 Society for the Study of Addiction
Volume 106, Issue 7, pages 1221–1227, July 2011
How to Cite
Voas, R. B., DuPont, R. L., Talpins, S. K. and Shea, C. L. (2011), Towards a national model for managing impaired driving offenders. Addiction, 106: 1221–1227. doi: 10.1111/j.1360-0443.2010.03339.x
- Issue published online: 3 JUN 2011
- Article first published online: 11 MAR 2011
- Accepted manuscript online: 16 DEC 2010 08:00AM EST
- Submitted 13 August 2010; initial review completed 13 October 2010; final version accepted 20 December 2010
- Alcohol-related crashes;
- drugged drivers;
- monitoring drinking;
Aims To describe a proposed national model for controlling the risk presented by offenders convicted of driving while impaired (DWI) and promoting behavioral change to reduce future recidivism.
Setting Traditional methods of controlling the risk they present to the driving public are not adequate, as indicated by the fact that approximately 1000 people are killed each year-in alcohol-related crashes involving drivers convicted of DWI in the previous three years. However, stimulated by the success of special drug courts for substance abusers and new technological methods for monitoring drug and alcohol use, new criminal justice programs for managing impaired driving offenders are emerging.
Intervention A national model for a comprehensive system applicable to both drug and alcohol impaired drivers is proposed. The program focuses on monitoring offender drinking or the offender driving employing vehicle interlocks with swift, sure but moderate penalties for non-compliance in which the ultimate sanction is based on offender performance in meeting monitoring requirements.
Findings Several new court programs, such as the 24/7 Sobriety Project in South Dakota and North Dakota and the Hawaii's Opportunity Probation with Enforcement (HOPE) Project, which feature alcohol/drug consumption monitoring, have produced evidence that indicates even dependent drinkers can conform to abstinence monitoring requirements and avoid the short-term jail consequence for failure.
Conclusions Based on the apparent success of emerging court monitoring systems, it appears that the cost of incarcerating driving-while-impaired offenders can be minimized by employing low-cost community correction programs paid for by the offender.