NATIONAL GAMBLING EXPERIENCES
Gambling in Australia: experiences, problems, research and policy
Article first published online: 2 AUG 2012
© 2012 The Authors, Addiction © 2012 Society for the Study of Addiction
Volume 107, Issue 9, pages 1556–1561, September 2012
How to Cite
Delfabbro, P. and King, D. (2012), Gambling in Australia: experiences, problems, research and policy. Addiction, 107: 1556–1561. doi: 10.1111/j.1360-0443.2012.03802.x
- Issue published online: 2 AUG 2012
- Article first published online: 2 AUG 2012
- Submitted 11 August 2011; initial review completed 24 November 2011; final version accepted 10 January 2012
- national profile;
- research and treatment
Aims The aim of this paper is to provide a critical overview of the development and current status of gambling in Australia.
Methods The paper examines the history and current status of gambling in Australia with a particular focus on the prevalence of problem gambling in the community and developments in policy and treatment services.
Results The paper highlights the contradictory role of State governments as both providers of treatment services as well as agents for the liberalization for gambling. It also shows how the notion of ‘addiction’ is conceptualized in Australian research and treatment services, including the preference for harm-based and public health approaches. Such perspectives view problem gambling as having multiple pathways and determinants that extend beyond the pathology of individuals.
Conclusions Gambling in Australia provides a curious paradox. Highly liberalized State government policies that allow the proliferation of high intensity gambling coexist with extensive policy, regulation and research designed to address the negative impact of gambling on the Australian community.