Predictors of successful short-term tobacco cessation in UK resident female Bangladeshi tobacco chewers
Article first published online: 4 APR 2012
© 2012 The Authors, Addiction © 2012 Society for the Study of Addiction
Volume 107, Issue 7, pages 1354–1358, July 2012
How to Cite
Croucher, R., Shanbhag, S., Dahiya, M., Kassim, S. and McNeill, A. (2012), Predictors of successful short-term tobacco cessation in UK resident female Bangladeshi tobacco chewers. Addiction, 107: 1354–1358. doi: 10.1111/j.1360-0443.2012.03819.x
- Issue published online: 6 JUN 2012
- Article first published online: 4 APR 2012
- Accepted manuscript online: 19 JAN 2012 11:38AM EST
- Submitted 22 August 2011; initial review completed 17 October 2011; final version accepted 16 January 2012
- smokeless tobacco cessation;
Aim To identify predictors of short-term smokeless tobacco cessation in Bangladeshi women resident in the United Kingdom.
Design Prospective cohort study.
Setting A tobacco cessation service offering culturally tailored smokeless tobacco cessation support.
Participants A total of 419 Bangladeshi women chewing paan with tobacco.
Measurements Demographics, tobacco use and dependence and cessation attempt process and outcomes.
Findings Client mean age was 48.92 [95% confidence interval (CI) 47.5, 50.34] years and the mean area social deprivation score was 3.65 (95% CI 3.33, 3.97). Mean daily smokeless tobacco intakes, as paan, was 9.96 (95% CI 9.22, 10.7); 69.8% were recruited from primary care, 78.8% received behavioural support and nicotine replacement therapy (NRT) and the remainder behavioural support alone. Self-reported 4-week continuous abstinence was 58.3%, predicted by NRT use [odds ratio (OR) = 4.93, 95% CI 2.02, 12.00], community recruitment (OR = 1.84, 95% CI 1.01, 3.35) and relatively lower social deprivation (IMD) score (OR = 1.98, 95% CI 1.18, 3.33).
Conclusion Bangladeshi women in the UK attending clinics to help cessation of paan with tobacco appear to be more likely to be successful in the short term if they use nicotine replacement therapy, are recruited via the community and have relatively lower levels of social deprivation.