Prevalence and correlates of alcohol use disorders in the Singapore Mental Health Survey
Article first published online: 4 APR 2012
© 2012 The Authors. Addiction © 2012 Society for the Study of Addiction
Volume 107, Issue 8, pages 1443–1452, August 2012
How to Cite
Subramaniam, M., Abdin, E., Vaingankar, J., Phua, A. M. Y., Tee, J. and Chong, S. A. (2012), Prevalence and correlates of alcohol use disorders in the Singapore Mental Health Survey. Addiction, 107: 1443–1452. doi: 10.1111/j.1360-0443.2012.03830.x
- Issue published online: 10 JUL 2012
- Article first published online: 4 APR 2012
- Accepted manuscript online: 1 FEB 2012 01:10PM EST
- Submitted 1 September 2011; initial review completed 28 October 2011; final version accepted 25 January 2012
- Alcohol abuse;
- alcohol dependence;
Aims To establish the prevalence, correlates, comorbidity and treatment gap of alcohol use disorders in the Singapore resident population.
Design The Singapore Mental Health Study is a cross-sectional epidemiological survey.
Setting A nationally representative survey of the resident (citizens and permanent residents) population in Singapore.
Participants A total of 6616 Singaporean adults aged 18 years and older.
Measurements The diagnoses were established using the World Mental Health Composite International Diagnostic Interview (WMH-CIDI) diagnostic modules for life-time and 12-month prevalence of selected mental illnesses including alcohol use disorders.
Findings The life-time prevalence of alcohol abuse and alcohol dependence was 3.1% and 0.5%, while the 12-month prevalence of alcohol abuse and alcohol dependence was 0.5% and 0.3%, respectively. The life-time and 12-month prevalence of alcohol use disorders was 3.6% and 0.8%, respectively. Those with alcohol use disorder had significantly higher odds of having major depressive disorder [odds ratio (OR) 3.1] and nicotine dependence (OR 4.5). Compared to the rest of the population, those with an alcohol use disorder had significantly higher odds of having gastric ulcers (OR 3.0), respiratory conditions (OR 2.1) and chronic pain (OR 2.1). Only one in five of those with alcohol use disorder had ever sought treatment.
Conclusions The prevalence of alcohol use disorders is relatively low in the Singapore adult population. Comorbidity with mental and physical disorders is significant, emphasizing the need to screen people with alcohol use disorders for these comorbidities.