Effectiveness of web-based tailored smoking cessation advice reports (iQuit): a randomized trial
Article first published online: 10 AUG 2012
© 2012 The Authors, Addiction © 2012 Society for the Study of Addiction
Volume 107, Issue 12, pages 2183–2190, December 2012
How to Cite
Mason, D., Gilbert, H. and Sutton, S. (2012), Effectiveness of web-based tailored smoking cessation advice reports (iQuit): a randomized trial. Addiction, 107: 2183–2190. doi: 10.1111/j.1360-0443.2012.03972.x
- Issue published online: 20 NOV 2012
- Article first published online: 10 AUG 2012
- Accepted manuscript online: 12 JUN 2012 06:31AM EST
- Manuscript Accepted: 6 JUN 2012
- Manuscript Revised: 11 JAN 2012
- Manuscript Received: 21 NOV 2011
- Cancer Research UK. Grant Number: C4496/A7775
- internet intervention;
- online support;
- smoking cessation;
- tailored interventions;
- web-based intervention
To determine whether web-based tailored cessation advice, based on social cognitive theory and the perspectives on change model, was more effective in aiding a quit attempt than broadly similar web-based advice that was not tailored.
Participants were allocated randomly to one of two groups, to receive either a cessation advice report and progress report that were tailored to individual-level characteristics or a cessation advice report that presented standardized (non-tailored) content. Tailoring was based on smoking-related beliefs, personal characteristics and smoking patterns, self-efficacy and outcome expectations.
Participant enrolment and baseline assessments were conducted remotely online via the study website, with the advice reports presented by the same website.
Participants (n = 1758) were visitors to the QUIT website who were based in the United Kingdom, aged 18 years or over and who smoked cigarettes or hand-rolled tobacco.
Follow-up assessments were made at 6 months by telephone interview. The primary outcome measure was self-reported 3 months prolonged abstinence, and secondary outcomes were 1 month prolonged abstinence, 7-day and 24-hour point prevalence abstinence.
The intervention group did not differ from the control group on the primary outcome (9.1% versus 9.3%; odds ratio = 1.02 95% confidence interval 0.73–1.42) or on any of the secondary outcomes. Intervention participants gave more positive evaluations of the materials than control participants.
A web-based intervention that tailored content according to smoking-related beliefs, personal characteristics and smoking patterns, self-efficacy and outcome expectations, was not more effective than web-based materials presenting broadly similar non-tailored information.