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ADDICTION AND ITS SCIENCES
The use of epidemiology in alcohol research
Article first published online: 7 NOV 2012
© 2012 The Authors, Addiction © 2012 Society for the Study of Addiction
Volume 108, Issue 1, pages 20–25, January 2013
How to Cite
Rossow, I. and Norström, T. (2013), The use of epidemiology in alcohol research. Addiction, 108: 20–25. doi: 10.1111/j.1360-0443.2012.04031.x
- Issue published online: 26 DEC 2012
- Article first published online: 7 NOV 2012
- Manuscript Accepted: 24 JUL 2012
- Manuscript Revised: 8 JUN 2012
- Manuscript Received: 27 MAR 2012
- Norwegian Institute for Alcohol and Drug Research
- Swedish Institute for Social Research
- Alcohol research;
- causal inference;
- literature review;
- public health;
- public policy
This paper presents examples to illustrate the utility and limitations in the use of epidemiology in alcohol research and discusses some promising new directions.
Review of literature, concentrating on epidemiological alcohol research with relevance to public health.
Findings and conclusion
Epidemiology offers tools for assessment of causes and effects of alcohol consumption as well as the effects of efforts to prevent alcohol consumption and its consequences. Epidemiological studies have made significant contributions to alcohol research with respect to public health and public policy. Fixed-effects modelling, difference-in-differences estimation and integrated qualitative and epidemiological methods are promising but underused methods in epidemiological studies. Many epidemiological studies have limited transferability of knowledge to other cultures and jurisdictions.