SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

Keywords:

  • Alcohol research;
  • causal inference;
  • epidemiology;
  • literature review;
  • public health;
  • public policy

Abstract

Aims

This paper presents examples to illustrate the utility and limitations in the use of epidemiology in alcohol research and discusses some promising new directions.

Methods

Review of literature, concentrating on epidemiological alcohol research with relevance to public health.

Findings and conclusion

Epidemiology offers tools for assessment of causes and effects of alcohol consumption as well as the effects of efforts to prevent alcohol consumption and its consequences. Epidemiological studies have made significant contributions to alcohol research with respect to public health and public policy. Fixed-effects modelling, difference-in-differences estimation and integrated qualitative and epidemiological methods are promising but underused methods in epidemiological studies. Many epidemiological studies have limited transferability of knowledge to other cultures and jurisdictions.