Stagonospora nodorum: cause of stagonospora nodorum blotch of wheat

Authors


* Correspondence: Tel.: +61 893607404; E-mail: roliver@murdoch.edu.au

SUMMARY

Stagonospora nodorum is an important pathogen of wheat and related cereals, causing both a leaf and glume blotch. This review summarizes recent advances in our understanding of taxonomy, control and pathogenicity of this species.

Taxonomy:  Stagonospora (syn. Septoria) nodorum (Berk.) Castell. and Germano [teleomorph: Phaeosphaeria (syn. Leptosphaeria) nodorum (Müll.) Hedjar.], kingdom Fungi, phylum Ascomycota, subphylum Euascomycota, class Dothideomycetes, order Pleosporales, family Phaeosphaeriaceae, genus Phaeosphaeria, species nodorum.

Host range:   Wheat, Triticum aestivum, T. durum, Triticale, are the main hosts but other cereals and wild grasses have been reported to harbour S. nodorum. Disease symptoms are lens-shaped necrotic lesions on leaves, girdling necrosis on stems (especially the nodes, hence ‘nodorum’) and lesions on glumes. Mature lesions produce pycnidia scattered throughout the lesions, especially as tissue senesces.

Useful websites:  http://ocid.nacse.org/research/deephyphae/htmls/asco_taxlist_spat.html (taxonomic information), http://ohioline.osu.edu/ac-fact/0002.html (disease information), http://wwwacnfp.murdoch.edu.au/ (ACNFP homepage), http://www.broad.mit.edu/annotation/fungi/stagonospora_nodorum/index.html (genome sequence homepage), http://cogeme.ex.ac.uk/efungi/ (genome sequence annotation and analysis).

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