During a 3-year study in Nairobi National Park, 1965–1968, 250 giraffe were identified by their neck markings. The herd structure of these animals was studied, including the relationships between particular individuals. Population information collected included the times of calving, the growth and longevity of giraffe, their reproductive potential, the age structure of the population and its density. Immigration, emigration and home range studies were completed with the help of radio telemetry equipment. The effect of giraffe on the vegetation and the possibility of giraffe surviving without free water are discussed.