Seasonal changes in biomass, productivity and large mammal utilization of annual grasslands on Zambezi alluvium in Mana Pools National Park, Zimbabwe, were recorded over four years and compared with perennial grasslands. Annual grasses grew only in the wet season, but forb productivity peaked at the start of the dry season. Large mammals and termites ate dead annual grasses in the dry season. Production was usually greater in perennial grasslands, than in annual ones, and perennial grasses often grew throughout the year. Large mammal utilization of grasslands varied between 53 and 99% of annual production.