SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

References

  • Cane, M.A., Eshel, G. & Buckland, R.W. (1994) Forecasting Zimbabwean maize yield using eastern equatorial Pacific sea surface temperature. Nature 370, 204205.
  • Gasse, F. (2000) Hydrological changes in the African tropics since the last glacial maximum. Quaternary Sci. Rev. 19, 191211.
  • Gillson, L. (2006) A ‘large infrequent disturbance’ in an East African savanna. J. Afr. Ecol. This Issue.
  • Guy, J. (1980) Ecological factors in the rise of Shaka and the Zulu kingdom. In: Economy and society in pre-industrial South Africa. (Eds S.Marks and A.Atmore). Longman, London. Pp. 102119.
  • Holmgren, K., Lee-Thorp, J.A., Cooper, G.J., Lundbland, K., Partridge, T.C., Scott, L., Sithaldeen, R., Talma, A.S. & Tyson, P.D. (2003) Persistent millennial-scale climatic variability over the past 25000 years in southern Africa. Quaternary Sci. Rev. 22, 23112326.
  • Holmgren, K. & ÖBerg, H. (2006) Climate change in southern and eastern Africa during the past millennium and its implications for societal development. Environ. Sustain. Dev. 8, 185195.
  • Iliffe, J. (1979) A modern history of Tanganyika. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.
  • Keay, R.W.J. (1965) The natural sciences in Africa. Afr. Affairs 64, 5054.
  • Kuper, R. & Kröpelin, S. (2006) Climate-controlled Holocene occupation in the Sahara: motor of Africa's evolution. Science 313, 803807.
  • Latif, M., Dommenget, D., Dima, M., & Grötzner, A. (1999) The role of Indian Ocean surface temperature in forcing east African rainfall anomalies during December-January 1997/98. J. Climate 12, 34973504.
  • Lovett, J.C. (2003) Tanzania Forest Law. In: Environmental Law and Policy in Africa (Eds B.Chaytor and K.Gray). Kluwer Law International, The Hague. pp. 151180.
  • Marchant, R., Behera, S., Yamagata, T., & Mumbi, C. (in press) The Indian Ocean Dipole – the unsung driver of climatic variability in East Africa. Afr. J. Ecol.
  • Newitt, M. (1995) A history of Mozambique. Hurst & Co., London.
  • Twining, E. (1959) The last nine years in Tanganyika. Afr. Affairs 58, 1524.
  • Weiss, H. & Bradley, R.S. (2001) What drives societal collapse? Science 291, 609610.