Adefovir dipivoxil added to ongoing lamivudine therapy in patients with lamivudine-resistant hepatitis B e antigen-negative chronic hepatitis B
Article first published online: 1 MAR 2005
Alimentary Pharmacology & Therapeutics
Volume 21, Issue 5, pages 531–537, March 2005
How to Cite
Vassiliadis, T., Nikolaidis, N., Giouleme, O., Tziomalos, K., Grammatikos, N., Patsiaoura, K., Zezos, P., Gkisakis, D., Theodoropoulos, K., Katsinelos, P., Orfanou-Koumerkeridou, E. and Eugenidis, N. (2005), Adefovir dipivoxil added to ongoing lamivudine therapy in patients with lamivudine-resistant hepatitis B e antigen-negative chronic hepatitis B. Alimentary Pharmacology & Therapeutics, 21: 531–537. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2036.2005.02388.x
- Issue published online: 1 MAR 2005
- Article first published online: 1 MAR 2005
- Accepted for publication 20 December 2004
Background : Long-term treatment with lamivudine is required to control viral replication in patients with hepatitis B e antigen-negative chronic hepatitis B, but is associated with a high rate of viral resistance. The role of adefovir dipivoxil in these patients has not been definitively evaluated.
Aim : To address the role of adefovir in the management of patients with lamivudine-resistant hepatitis B e antigen-negative chronic hepatitis B.
Methods : Patients were assigned to receive adefovir 10 mg once daily plus ongoing lamivudine 100 mg once daily for 52 weeks. The primary end point was reduction in serum hepatitis B virus DNA level (hepatitis B virus DNA response). Secondary end points included the proportion of patients with undetectable hepatitis B virus DNA at week 52 (complete virological response) and the percentage of patients with normalization of alanine transferase level at week 52 (biochemical response).
Results : A total of 49 consecutive patients were enrolled in this study. After 52 weeks of treatment, all patients had an hepatitis B virus DNA response and 57.1% had complete virological response. Biochemical response occurred in 75.6% of patients.
Conclusions : Administration of adefovir in patients with lamivudine-resistant chronic hepatitis B results in significant suppression of viral replication. Nevertheless, continuous therapy will probably be needed in order to maintain remission in these patients.