SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

References

  • 1
    Stollman N, Raskin JB. Diverticular disease of the colon. Lancet 2004; 363: 6319.
  • 2
    Custer TJ, Blevins DV, Vara TM. Giant colonic diverticulum: a rare manifestation of a common disease. J Gastrointest Surg 1999; 3: 5438.
  • 3
    Kohler L, Sauerland S, Neugebauer E. Diagnosis and treatment of diverticular disease: results of a consensus development conference. The Scientific Committee of the European Association for Endoscopic Surgery. Surg Endosc 1999; 13: 4306.
  • 4
    Sandler RS, Everhart JE, Donowitz M, et al. The burden of selected digestive diseases in the United States. Gastroenterology 2002; 122: 150011.
  • 5
    Manousos ON, Truelove SC, Lumsden K. Prevalence of colonic diverticulosis in general population of Oxford area. BMJ 1967; 3: 7623.
  • 6
    Hughes LE. Post mortem survey of diverticular disease of the colon: I. Diverticulosis and diverticulitis. Gut 1969; 10: 33644.
  • 7
    Painter NS, Burkitt DP. Diverticular disease of the colon: a deficiency disease of western civilization. BMJ 1971; 2: 4504.
  • 8
    Almy TP, Howell DA. Diverticular disease of the colon. N Engl J Med 1980; 302: 32431.
  • 9
    Painter NS, Burkitt DP. Diverticular disease of the colon, a 20th century problem. Clin Gastroenterol 1975; 4: 322.
  • 10
    Schoetz DJ. Diverticular disease of the colon: a century-old problem. Dis Colon Rectum 1999; 42: 7039.
  • 11
    Parks TG. Natural history of diverticular disease of the colon. Clin Gastroenterol 1975; 4: 5369.
  • 12
    Gear JS, Ware A, Fursdon P, et al. Symptomless diverticular disease and intake of dietary fiber. Lancet 1976; 1: 5114.
  • 13
    Vajrabukka T, Saksornchai K, Jimakorn P. Diverticular disease of the colon in a far-eastern community. Dis Colon Rectum 1980; 23: 1514.
  • 14
    Chia JG, Wilde CC, Ngoi SS, Goh PM, Ong CL. Trends of diverticular disease of the large bowel in a newly developed country. Dis Colon Rectum 1991; 34: 498501.
  • 15
    Nakada I, Ubukata H, Goto Y. Diverticular disease of the colon at a regional general hospital in Japan. Dis Colon Rectum 1995; 38: 7559.
  • 16
    Miura S, Kodaira S, Shatari T. Recent trends in diverticulosis of the right colon in Japan: retrospective review in a regional hospital. Dis Colon Rectum 2000; 43: 13839.
  • 17
    Chan CC, Lo KKL, Chung CH. Colonic diverticulosis in Hong Kong: distribution pattern and clinical significance. Clin Radiol 1998; 53: 8424.
  • 18
    Fearnhead NS, Mortensen NJ. Clinical features and differential diagnosis of diverticular disease. Best Pract Res Clin Gastroenterol 2002; 16: 57793.
  • 19
    Lee YS. Diverticular disease of the large bowel in Singapore: an autopsy study. Dis Colon Rectum 1986; 29: 3305.
  • 20
    Segal I, Solomon A, Hunt JA. Emergence of diverticular disease in the urban South African black. Gastroenterology 1977; 72: 2159.
  • 21
    Levy N, Stermer E, Simon J. The changing epidemiology of diverticular disease in Israel. Dis Colon Rectum 1985; 28: 4168.
  • 22
    Position of the American Dietetic Association: health implications of dietary fiber. J Am Diet Assoc 1997; 97: 11579.
  • 23
    Mimura T, Emanuel A, Kamm MA. Pathophysiology of diverticular disease. Best Pract Res Clin Gastroenterol 2002; 16: 56376.
  • 24
    Smith AN. Colonic muscle in diverticular disease. Clin Gastroenterol 1986; 15: 91735.
  • 25
    Painter NS, Truelove SC, Ardran GM. Segmentation and the localisation of intraluminal pressures in the human colon, with special reference to the pathogenesis of colonic diverticula. Gastroenterology 1965; 49: 16977.
  • 26
    Burkitt DP, Walker AR, Painter NS. Effect of dietary fiber on stools and the transit-times, and its role in the causation of disease. Lancet 1972; 2: 140812.
  • 27
    Painter NS, Trowell H, Burkitt DP. Diverticular disease of the colon. In: TrowellH, BurkittD, HeatonK, eds. Dietary Fiber, Fiber-Depleted Foods and Disease. London, UK: Academic Press, 1985: 14560.
  • 28
    Watters DA, Smith AN, Eastwood MA, Anderson KC, Elton RA, Mugerwa JW. Mechanical properties of the colon: comparison of the features of the African and European colon in vitro. Gut 1985; 26: 38492.
  • 29
    Parks T. Rectal and colonic studies after resection of the sigmoid for diverticular disease. Gut 1970; 11: 1215.
  • 30
    Thomson HJ, Busuttil A, Eastwood MA, Smith AN, Elton RA. Submucosal collagen changes in the normal colon and in diverticular disease. Int J Colorectal Dis 1987; 2: 20813.
  • 31
    Wess L, Eastwood MA, Wess TJ, Busuttil A, Miller A. Cross linking of collagen is increased in colonic diverticulosis. Gut 1995; 37: 914.
  • 32
    Thomson HJ, Busuttil A, Eastwood MA, Smith AN, Elton RA. The submucosa of the human colon. J Ultrastruct Mol Struct Res 1986; 96: 2230.
  • 33
    Tanner MS, Smith B, Lloyd JK. Functional intestinal obstruction due to deficiency of argyrophil neurones in the myenteric plexus. Familial syndrome presenting with short small bowel, malrotation, and pyloric hypertrophy. Arch Dis Child 1976; 51: 83741.
  • 34
    Bassotti G, Chistolini F, Morelli A. Pathophysiological aspects of diverticular disease of colon and role of large bowel motility. World J Gastroenterol 2003; 9: 21402.
  • 35
    Sandberg LB, Soskel NT, Leslie JG. Elastin structure, biosynthesis, and relation to disease states. N Engl J Med 1981; 304: 56679.
  • 36
    West AB, Losada M. The pathology of diverticulosis coli. J Clin Gastroenterol 2004; 38 (Suppl. 5): S116.
  • 37
    Simpson J, Scholefield JH, Spiller RC. Pathogenesis of colonic diverticula. Br J Surg 2002; 89: 54654.
  • 38
    Mimura T, Bateman AC, Lee RL, et al. Up-regulation of collagen and tissue inhibitors of matrix metalloproteinase in colonic diverticular disease. Dis Colon Rectum 2004; 47: 3718.
  • 39
    Nagase H, Woessner JF. Matrix metalloproteinases. J Biol Chem 1999; 274: 214914.
  • 40
    Pender SLF, MacDonald TT. Matrix metalloproteinases and the gut-new roles for old enzymes. Curr Opin Pharmacol 2004; 4: 54650.
  • 41
    Gomez DE, Alonso DF, Yoshiji H, Thorgeirsson UP. Tissue inhibitors of metalloproteinases: structure, regulation and biological functions. Eur J Cell Biol 1997; 74: 11122.
  • 42
    Von Lampe B, Barthel B, Coupland SE, Riecken EO, Rosewicz S. Differential expression of matrix metalloproteinases and their tissue inhibitors in colon mucosa of patients with inflammatory bowel disease. Gut 2000; 47: 6373.
  • 43
    Schuppan D, Hahn EG. MMPs in the gut: inflammation hits the matrix. Gut 2000; 47: 124.
  • 44
    Gordon JN, Di Sabatino A, MacDonald TT. The pathophysiologic rationale for biological therapies in inflammatory bowel disease. Curr Opin Gastroenterol 2005; 21: 4317.
  • 45
    Gunther U, Schuppan D, Bauer M. Fibrogenesis and fibrolysis in collagenous colitis. Patterns of procollagen types I and IV, matrix-metalloproteinase-1 and -13, and TIMP-1 gene expression. Am J Pathol 1999; 155: 493503.
  • 46
    Stumpf M, Cao W, Klinge U, Klosterhalfen B, Kasperk R, Schumpelick V. Increased distribution of collagen type III and reduced expression of matrix metalloproteinase 1 in patients with diverticular disease. Int J Colorectal Dis 2001; 16: 2715.
  • 47
    Weinreich J, Moller SH, Andersen D. Colonic haustral pattern in relation to pressure activity and presence of diverticula. Scand J Gastroenterol 1977; 12: 85764.
  • 48
    Trotman IF, Misiewicz JJ. Sigmoid motility in diverticular disease and the irritable bowel syndrome. Gut 1988; 29: 21822.
  • 49
    Christopher K, Sadeghi P, Rao S. Investigation of the pathophysiology of diverticular disease. Gastroenterology 2000; 118: A833.
  • 50
    Bassotti G, Battaglia E, Spinozzi F. Twenty-four recordings of colonic motility in patients with diverticular disease. Evidence for abnormal motility and propulsive activity. Dis Colon Rectum 2001; 44: 181420.
  • 51
    Painter NS, Truelove SC. The intraluminal pressure patterns in diverticulosis of the colon. Gut 1964; 5: 3659.
  • 52
    Arfwidsson S. Pathogenesis of multiple diverticular of the sigmoid colon in diverticular disease. Acta Chirurg Scand 1964; 342 (Suppl.): 168.
  • 53
    Parks T, Connell A. Motility studies in diverticular disease of the colon. Gut 1969; 10: 53842.
  • 54
    Hyland JM, Darby CF, Hammond P, Taylor I. Myoelectrical activity of the sigmoid colon in patients with diverticular disease and the irritable colon syndrome suffering from diarrhoea. Digestion 1980; 20: 2939.
  • 55
    Huizinga JD, Waterfall WE, Stern HS. Abnormal response to cholinergic stimulation in the circular muscle layer of the human colon in diverticular disease. Scand J Gastroenterol 1999; 34: 6838.
  • 56
    Simpson J, Scholefield JH, Spiller RC. Origin of symptoms in diverticular disease. Br J Surg 2003; 90: 899908.
  • 57
    Hanani M, Freund HR. Interstitial cells of Cajal – their role in pacing and signal transmission in the digestive system. Acta Physiol Scand 2000; 170: 17790.
  • 58
    Thomsen L, Robinson TL, Lee JC, et al. Interstitial cells of Cajal generate a rhythmic pacemaker current. Nat Med 1998; 4: 84851.
  • 59
    Huizinga JD, Thuneberg L, Vanderwinden JM, Rumessen JJ. Interstitial cells of Cajal as targets for pharmacological intervention in gastrointestinal motor disorders. Trends Pharmacol Sci 1997; 18: 393403.
  • 60
    Lyford GL, He CL, Soffer EE. Pan-colonic decrease in interstitial cells of Cajal in patients with slow transit constipation. Gut 2002; 51: 496501.
  • 61
    Ward SM, Sanders KM. Interstitial cells of Cajal: primary targets of enteric motor innervation. Anat Rec 2001; 262: 12535.
  • 62
    Ward SM, Beckett EA, Wang X. Interstitial cells of Cajal mediate cholinergic neurotransmission from enteric motor neurones. J Neurosci 2000; 20: 1393403.
  • 63
    Boeckxstaens GE. Understanding and controlling the enteric nervous system. Best Pract Res Clin Gastroenterol 2002; 16: 101323.
  • 64
    Ward SM, Burns AJ, Torihashi S, Sanders KM. Mutation of the proto-oncogene c-kit blocks development of interstitial cells and electrical rhythmicity in murine intestine. J Physiol 1994; 480: 917.
  • 65
    Huizinga JD, Thuneberg L, Kluppel M. W/kit gene required for interstitial cells of Cajal and for intestinal pacemaker activity. Nature 1995; 373: 3479.
  • 66
    Vanderwinden JM, De Liu H, Laet MH, Vanderhaeghen JJ. Study of the interstitial cells of Cajal in infantile hypertrophic pyloric stenosis. Gastroenterology 1996; 111: 27988.
  • 67
    He CL, Soffer EE, Ferris CD, Walsh RM, Szurszewski JH, Farrugia G. Loss of interstitial cells of Cajal and inhibitory innervation in insulin-dependent diabetes. Gastroenterology 2001; 121: 42734.
  • 68
    Schuffler MD, Bird TD, Sumi SM, Cook A. A familial neuronal disease presenting as intestinal pseudo-obstruction. Gastroenterology 1978; 75: 88998.
  • 69
    Tong WD, Liu BH, Zhang LY. Decreased interstitial cells of Cajal in the sigmoid colon of patients with slow transit constipation. Int J Colorectal Dis 2004; 19: 46773.
  • 70
    He CL, Burgart L, Wang L. Decreased interstitial cells of Cajal volume in patients with slow transit constipation. Gastroenterology 2000; 118: 1421.
  • 71
    Rumessen JJ. Ultrastructure of interstitial cells of Cajal at the colonic submucosal border in patients with ulcerative colitis. Gastroenterology 1996; 111: 144755.
  • 72
    Reddy SN, Bazzochi G, Chan S. Colonic motility and transit in health and ulcerative colitis. Gastroenterology 1991; 93: 93440.
  • 73
    Sanders KM. A case for interstitial cells of Cajal as pacemakers and mediators of neurotransmission in the gastrointestinal tract. Gastroenterology 1996; 111: 492515.
  • 74
    Ward SM, Sanders KM, Hirst GD. Role of interstitial cells of Cajal in neural control of gastrointestinal smooth muscles. Neurogastroenterol Motil 2004; 16 (Suppl. 1): 1127.
  • 75
    Liu LWC, Thuneberg L, Huizinga JD. Selective lesioning of interstitial cells of Cajal by methylene blue and light leads to loss of slow waves. Am J Physiol 1994; 266: G48596.
  • 76
    Sanders KM, Ordog T, Koh SD, Torihashi S, Ward SM. Development and plasticity of interstitial cells of Cajal. Neurogastroenterol Motil 1999; 11: 31138.
  • 77
    Bassotti G, Battaglia E, Bellone G, et al. Interstitial cells of Cajal, enteric nerves, and glial cells in colonic diverticular disease. J Clin Pathol 2005; 58: 9737.
  • 78
    Golden M, Burleigh DE, Belai A. Smooth muscle cholinergic denervation hypersensitivity in diverticular disease. Lancet 2003; 361: 194551.
  • 79
    Mayer EA, Gebhart GF. Basic and clinical aspects of visceral hyperalgesia. Gastroenterology 1994; 107: 27193.
  • 80
    Whitehead WE, Holtkatter B, Enk P. Tolerance for rectosigmoid distension in irritable bowel syndrome. Gastroenterology 1990; 98: 118792.
  • 81
    Trimble KC, Farouk R, Pryde A. Heightened visceral sensation in functional gastrointestinal disease is not site-specific. Evidence for a generalized disorder of gut sensitivity. Dig Dis Sci 1995; 40: 160713.
  • 82
    Mertz H, Naliboff BD, Munakata J. Altered rectal perception is a biological marker of patients with irritable bowel syndrome. Gastroenterology 1995; 109: 4052.
  • 83
    Bradette M, Delvaux M, Stoumont G. Evaluation of colonic sensory thresholds in IBS patients using a barostat. Dig Dis Sci 1994; 39: 44957.
  • 84
    Clemens CH, Samsom M, Roelofs J, Berge Henegouwen GP, Smout AJ. Colorectal visceral perception in diverticular disease. Gut 2004; 53: 71722.
  • 85
    Bueno L. Neuroimmune alterations of ENS functioning. Gut 2000; 47 (Suppl. 4): 635.
  • 86
    Collins SM. The immunomodulation of enteric neuromuscular function: implications for motility and inflammatory disorders. Gastroenterology 1996; 111: 168399.
  • 87
    Gebhart GF. Pathobiology of visceral pain: molecular mechanisms and therapeutic implications: IV. Visceral afferent contributions to the pathobiology of visceral pain. Am J Physiol Gastrointest Liver Physiol 2000; 278: G8348.
  • 88
    De Giorgio R, Stanghellini V, Barbara G, et al. Primary enteric neuropathies underlying gastrointestinal motor dysfunction. Scand J Gastroenterol 2000; 35: 11422.
  • 89
    Dvorak AM, Osage JE, Monahan RA, Dickersin GR. Crohn's disease: transmission electron microscopic studies: III. Target tissues. Proliferation of and injury to smooth muscle and the autonomic nervous system. Human Pathol 1980; 11: 62034.
  • 90
    Jacobson K, McHugh K, Collins SM. Experimental colitis alters myenteric nerve function at inflamed and noninflamed sites in the rat. Gastroenterology 1995; 109: 71822.
  • 91
    Barbara G, Vallance BA, Collins SM. Persistent intestinal neuromuscular dysfunction after acute nematode infection in mice. Gastroenterology 1997; 113: 122432.
  • 92
    Bueno L, Fioramonti J. Visceral perception: inflammatory and non-inflammatory mediators. Gut 2002; 51: 1923.
  • 93
    Collins SM. Irritable bowel syndrome could be an inflammatory disorder. Eur J Gastroenterol Hepatol 1994; 6: 47882.
  • 94
    Horgan AF, McConnell EJ, Wolff BG. Atypical diverticular disease: surgical results. Dis Colon Rectum 2001; 44: 13158.
  • 95
    Sanovic S, Lamb DP, Blennerhassett MG. Damage to the enteric nervous system in experimental colitis. Am J Pathol 1999; 155: 10517.
  • 96
    Simpson J, Haji-Suyoi A, Jenkins D, Scholefield JH, Stach W. Quantification of neurological changes in resection specimens with complicated and uncomplicated diverticular disease. Gastroenterology 2002; 122: A314.
  • 97
    Suster SM, Ronnen M, Bubis JJ. Diverticulosis coli in association with Marfan's syndrome. Arch Intern Med 1984; 144: 203.
  • 98
    Beighton PH, Murdoch JL, Votteler T. Gastrointestinal complications of the Ehlers-Danlos syndrome. Gut 1969; 10: 10048.
  • 99
    Omojola MF, Mangete E. Diverticula of the colon in three Nigerian siblings. Trop Geogr Med 1988; 40: 547.
  • 100
    Wess L, Eastwood MA, Edwards CA, Busuttil A, Miller A. Collagen alteration in an animal model of colonic diverticulosis. Gut 1996; 38: 7016.
  • 101
    Mortensen PB, Clausen MR. Short-chain fatty acids in the human colon: relation to gastrointestinal health and disease. Scand J Gastroenterol 1996; 216 (Suppl.): 13248.
  • 102
    Wess L, Eastwood M, Busuttil A, Edwards C, Miller A. An association between maternal diet and colonic diverticulosis in an animal model. Gut 1996; 39: 4237.
  • 103
    Bode MK, Karttunen TJ, Makela J, Risteli L, Risteli J. Type I and III collagens in human colon cancer and diverticulosis. Scand J Gastroenterol 2000; 35: 74752.
  • 104
    Ludeman L, Shepherd NA. What is diverticular colitis? Pathology 2002; 34: 56872.
  • 105
    Shepherd NA. Diverticular disease and chronic idiopathic inflammatory bowel disease: associations and masquerades. Gut 1996; 38: 8012.
  • 106
    Peppercorn MA. Drug-responsive chronic segmental colitis associated with diverticula: a clinical syndrome in the elderly. Am J Gastroenterol 1992; 87: 60912.
  • 107
    Imperiali G, Meucci G, Alvisi C. Segmental colitis associated with diverticula: a prospective study. Am J Gastroenterol 2000; 95: 10146.
    Direct Link:
  • 108
    Peppercorn MA. The overlap of inflammatory bowel disease and diverticular disease. J Clin Gastroenterol 2004; 38: S8S10.
  • 109
    Stollman NH, Raskin JB. Diagnosis and management of diverticular disease of the colon in adults. Ad Hoc Practice Parameters Committee of the American College of Gastroenterology. Am J Gastroenterol 1999; 94: 311021.
    Direct Link:
  • 110
    Ventrucci M, Ferrieri A, Bergami R, Roda E. Evaluation of the effect of rifaximin in colon diverticular disease by means of lactulose hydrogen breath test. Curr Med Res Opin 1994; 13: 2026.
  • 111
    Barbara G, De Giorgio R, Stanghellini V, Cremon C, Corinaldesi R. A role for inflammation in irritable bowel syndrome? Gut 2002; 51 (Suppl. 1): 414.
  • 112
    Colecchia A, Sandri L, Capodicasa S, et al. Diverticular disease of the colon: new perspectives in symptom development and treatment. World J Gastroenterol 2003; 9: 13859.
  • 113
    Premysl F, Miroslav Z. The effect of non-pathogeneic Escherichia coli in symptomatic uncomplicated diverticular disease of the colon. Eur J Gastroenterol Hepatol 2003; 15: 3135.
  • 114
    Goyal RK, Hirano I. The enteric nervous system. N Engl J Med 1996; 334: 110615.
  • 115
    Watanabe T, Kubota Y, Muto T. Substance P containing nerve fibers in rectal mucosa of ulcerative colitis. Dis Colon Rectum 1997; 40: 71825.
  • 116
    Di Sebastiano P, Fink T, Di Mola FF. Neuroimmune appendicitis. Lancet 1999; 354: 4616.
  • 117
    Milner P, Crowe R, Kamm MA, Lennard-Jones JE, Burnstock G. Vasoactive intestinal polypeptide levels in sigmoid colon in idiopathic constipation and diverticular disease. Gastroenterology 1990; 99: 66675.
  • 118
    Lin HC. Small intestinal bacterial overgrowth – a framework for understanding irritable bowel syndrome. JAMA 2004; 292: 8528.
  • 119
    Zollinger RW. The prognosis in diverticulitis of the colon. Arch Surg 1968; 97: 41822.
  • 120
    Thompson WG, Longstreth GF, Drossman DA, Heaton KW, Irvine EJ, Muller-Lissner SA. Functional bowel disorders and functional abdominal pain. Gut 1999; 45 (Suppl. 2): 437.
  • 121
    Sugihara K, Muto T, Morioka Y, Asano A, Yamamoto T. Diverticular disease of the colon in Japan. A review of 615 cases. Dis Colon Rectum 1984; 27: 5317.
  • 122
    Markham NI, Li AK. Diverticulitis of the right colon: experience from Hong Kong. Gut 1992; 33: 5479.
  • 123
    Wong SK, Ho YH, Leong AP, Seow-Choen F. Clinical behavior of complicated right-sided and left-sided diverticulosis. Dis Colon Rectum 1997; 40: 3448.
  • 124
    Zagnoon A. Appropriateness of colonoscopy. Gastrointest Endosc 1999; 49: 4123.
  • 125
    Place RJ, Simmang CL. Diverticular disease. Best Pract Res Clin Gastroenterol 2002; 16: 13548.
  • 126
    Schnyder P, Moss AA, Thoeni RF, Margulis AR. A double-blind study of radiologic accuracy in diverticulitis, diverticulosis, and carcinoma of the sigmoid colon. J Clin Gastroenterol 1979; 1: 5566.
  • 127
    Boulos PB, Cowin AP, Karamanolis DG, Clark CG. Diverticula, neoplasia, or both? Early detection of carcinoma in sigmoid diverticular disease. Ann Surg 1985; 202: 6079.
  • 128
    Rockey DC, Kock J. Prospective comparison of air-contrast barium enema and colonoscopy in patients with fecal occult blood: a pilot study. Gastrointest Endosc 2005; 60: 9538.
  • 129
    Winawer SJ, Stewart ET, Zauber AG, Bond JH, Ansel H. The National Polyp Study Work Group. A comparison of colonoscopy and double-contrast barium enema for surveillance after polypectomy. N Engl J Med 2000; 342: 176672.
  • 130
    Boulos PB, Karamanolis DG. Is colonoscopy necessary in diverticular disease? Lancet 1984; 1: 956.
  • 131
    Kozarek RA, Botoman VA, Patterson DJ. Prospective evaluation of a small caliber upper endoscope for colonoscopy after unsuccessful standard examination. Gastrointest Endosc 1989; 35: 3335.
  • 132
    Wilson SR, Toi A. The value of sonography in the diagnosis of acute diveticulitis of the colon. Am J Roentgenol 1990; 154: 118399.
  • 133
    Ambrosetti P, Jenny A, Becker C. Acute left colonic diverticulitis: compared performance of computed tomography and water-soluble contrast enema: prospective evaluation of 420 patients. Dis Colon Rectum 2000; 43: 13637.
  • 134
    Van Dam J, Cotton P, Johnson C, et al. AGA future trends report: CT colonography. Gastroenterology 2004; 127: 97084.
  • 135
    Farrell RJ, Farrell JJ, Morrin MM. Diverticular disease in the elderly. Gastroenterol Clin North Am 2001; 30: 47596.
  • 136
    Aldoori WH, Giovannucci EL, Rockett HR, Sampson L, Rimm EB, Willett WC. A prospective study of dietary fiber types and symptomatic diverticular disease in men. J Nutr 1998; 128: 7149.
  • 137
    Marlett J. Position of the American Dietetic Association: health implications of dietary fiber. J Am Diet Assoc 2002; 102: 9931000.
  • 138
    Thorburn HA, Carter KB, Goldberg JA, Finlay IG. Does ispaghula husk stimulate the entire colon in diverticular disease? Gut 1992; 33: 3526.
  • 139
    Painter NS. The high fiber diet in the treatment of diverticular disease of the colon. Postgrad Med J 1974; 50: 62935.
  • 140
    Brodribb AJ. Treatment of symptomatic diverticular disease with a high-fiber diet. Lancet 1977; 1: 6646.
  • 141
    Ornstein MH, Littlewood ER, Baird IM, Fowler J, North WR, Cox AG. Are fiber supplements really necessary in diverticular disease of the colon? A controlled clinical trial. Br Med J 1981; 282: 13536.
  • 142
    Hodgson WJ. The placebo effect. Is it important in diverticular disease? Am J Gastroenterol 1977; 67: 15762.
  • 143
    Aldoori WH, Giovannucci EL, Rimm EB, Ascherio A, Stampfer MJ. Prospective study of physical activity and the risk of symptomatic diverticular disease in men. Gut 1995; 36: 27682.
  • 144
    Hyland JM, Taylor I. Does a high fiber diet prevent the complications of diverticular disease? Br J Surg 1980; 67: 779.
  • 145
    Leahy AL, Ellis RM, Quill DS, Peel AL. High fiber diet in symptomatic diverticular disease of the colon. Ann R Coll Surg Engl 1985; 67: 1734.
  • 146
    Bijkerk CJ, Muris JW, Knottnerus JA, Hoes AW, De Wit NJ. Systematic review: the role of different types of fibre in the treatment of irritable bowel syndrome. Aliment Pharmacol Ther 2004; 19: 24551.
  • 147
    Aldoori W, Ryan-Harshman M. Preventing diverticular disease. Review of recent evidence on high-fiber diets. Can Fam Physician 2002; 48: 16327.
  • 148
    Di Stefano M, Strocchi A, Malservisi S, Veneto G, Ferrieri A. Non absorbable antibiotics for managing intestinal gas production and gas-related symptoms. Aliment Pharmacol Ther 2000; 14: 10018.
  • 149
    Papi C, Ciaco A, Koch M, Capurso L. Efficacy of rifaximin in the treatment of symptomatic diverticular disease of the colon. A multicentre double-blind placebo-controlled trial. Aliment Pharmacol Ther 1995; 9: 339.
  • 150
    Latella G, Pimpo MT, Sottili S, et al. Rifaximin improves symptoms of acquired uncomplicated diverticular disease of the colon. Int J Colorectal Dis 2003; 18: 5562.
  • 151
    Khan A, Piris J, Truelove SC. An experiment to determine the active therapeutic moiety of sulphasalazine. Lancet 1977; 2: 8925.
  • 152
    Brandimarte G, Tursi A. Rifaximin plus mesalazine followed by mesalazine alone is highly effective in obtaining remission of symptomatic uncomplicated diverticular disease. Med Sci Monit 2004; 10: 1703.
  • 153
    Schrezenmeir J, De Vrese M. Probiotics, prebiotics, and synbiotics-approaching a definition. Am J Clin Nutr 2001; 73 (Suppl. 2): 316S64.
  • 154
    Giaccari S, Tronci S, Falconieri M, Ferrieri A. Long-term treatment with rifaximin and lactobacilli in post-diverticulitic stenoses of the colon. Riv Eur Sci Med Farmacol 1993; 15: 2934.
  • 155
    Fricu P, Zavoral M. The effect of non-pathogenic Escherichia coli in symptomatic uncomplicated diverticular disease of the colon. Eur J Gastroenterol Hepatol 2003; 15: 3135.
  • 156
    Shanahan F. Turbo probiotics for IBD. Gastroenterology 2001; 120: 12978.
  • 157
    Sartor RB. Targeting enteric bacteria in treatment of inflammatory bowel disease: why, how, and when. Curr Opin Gastroenterol 2003; 19: 35865.
  • 158
    Bocker U, Nebe T, Herweck F. Butyrate modulates intestinal epithelial cell-mediated neutrophil migration. Clin Exp Immunol 2003; 131: 5360.
  • 159
    Kleessen B, Hartmann L, Blaut M. Oligofructose and long-chain inulin: influence on the gut microbial ecology of rats associated with a human faecal flora. Br J Nutr 2001; 86: 291300.
  • 160
    Papi C, Ciaco A, Koch M, Capurso L. Efficacy of rifaximin on symptoms of uncomplicated diverticular disease of the colon. A pilot multicentre open trial. Diverticular Disease Study Group. Ital J Gastroenterol 1992; 24: 4526.