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- Clinical features of haemochromatosis
- Diagnosis of haemochromatosis
- Treatment of HFE-linked haemochromatosis
Haemochromatosis is the most common genetic disease in populations of European ancestry. Despite estimates based on genetic testing in Caucasian populations of 1 in 227, many physicians consider haemochromatosis to be a rare disease.
The diagnosis can be elusive because of the non-specific nature of the symptoms. Of all the symptoms, liver disease has the most consistent relationship to haemochromatosis and the prognosis of haemochromatosis is most closely linked to the degree of iron overload.
With the discovery of the HFE gene in 1996, comes new insights into the pathogenesis of the disease and new diagnostic strategies. However, a growing number of new iron-related genes have been discovered and linked to other iron overload syndromes.