Background Serum C-reactive protein (CRP) levels influence the response to anti-tumour necrosis factor (TNF) therapies.
Aim To analyse the influence of the +1059G/C CRP polymorphism on CRP serum levels and disease susceptibility in patients with Crohn's disease (CD).
Methods Using restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) analysis, genomic DNA from 241 CD patients and 199 unrelated controls was analysed for the +1059G/C substitution in the CRP gene and the common caspase-activation recruitment domain 15 (CARD15) variants.
Results Homozygous C/C carriers were detected only among CD patients (P = 0.066). Patients with ileal involvement (L1 and L3 phenotype) were found in only 58.4% of patients with the wildtype G/G genotype but in 88.2% of the heterozygous G/C carriers (OR 5.26; 95% CI 1.19–23.92) and four of the five C/C homozygous carriers (80%; OR 4.55; 95% CI 1.64–16.67; P = 0.008 for hetero- and homozygous carriers vs. wildtype) which was independent of the presence of CARD15 variants. Increased CD activity was associated with increased CRP serum levels (P < 0.005). For Crohn's disease activity index (CDAI) < 150, C/C homozygosity for the +1059 G/C polymorphism was associated with significantly lower CRP serum levels (P < 0.01).
Conclusions The C allele of the CRP +1059G/C polymorphism is associated with decreased serum CRP levels and increased likelihood of disease involvement of the terminal ileum in CD patients.