• 1
    Corinaldesi R, Stanghellini V, Raiti C, et al. Effect of chronic administration of cisapride on gastric emptying of a solid meal and on dyspeptic symptoms in patients with idiopathic gastroparesis. Gut 1987; 28: 3005.
  • 2
    Jian R, Ducrot F, Ruskone A, et al. Symptomatic, radionuclide and therapeutic assessment of chronic idiopathic dyspepsia. A double-blind placebo-controlled evaluation of cisapride. Dig Dis Sci 1989; 34: 65764.
  • 3
    Talley NJ, Shuter B, McCrudden G, et al. Lack of association between gastric emptying of solids and symptoms in nonulcer dyspepsia. J Clin Gastroenterol 1989; 11: 62530.
  • 4
    Scott AM, Kellow JE, Shuter B, et al. Intragastric distribution and gastric emptying of solids and liquids in functional dyspepsia. Lack of influence of symptom subgroups and H. pylori-associated gastritis. Dig Dis Sci 1993; 38: 224754.
  • 5
    Bortolotti M, Bolondi L, Santi V, et al. Patterns of gastric emptying in dysmotility-like dyspepsia. Scand J Gastroenterol 1995; 30: 40810.
  • 6
    Koskenpato J, Kairemo K, Korppi-Tommola T, et al. Role of gastric emptying in functional dyspepsia: a scintigraphic study of 94 subjects. Dig Dis Sci 1998; 43: 11548.
  • 7
    Quartero AO, De Wit NJ, Lodder AC, Numans ME, Smout AJ, Hoes AW. Disturbed solid-phase gastric emptying in functional dyspepsia: a meta- analysis. Dig Dis Sci 1998; 43: 202833.
  • 8
    Maes BD, Ghoos YF, Hiele MI, Rutgeerts PJ. Gastric emptying rate of solids in patients with nonulcer dyspepsia. Dig Dis Sci 1997; 42: 115862.
  • 9
    Talley NJ, Verlinden M, Jones M. Can symptoms discriminate among those with delayed or normal gastric emptying in dysmotility-like dyspepsia? Am J Gastroenterol 2001; 96: 14228.
    Direct Link:
  • 10
    Stanghellini V, Tosetti C, Paternico A, et al. Risk indicators of delayed gastric emptying of solids in patients with functional dyspepsia. Gastroenterology 1996; 110: 103642.
  • 11
    Perri F, Clemente R, Festa V, et al. Patterns of symptoms in functional dyspepsia: role of Helicobacter pylori infection and delayed gastric emptying. Am J Gastroenterol 1998; 93: 20828.
    Direct Link:
  • 12
    Sarnelli G, Caenepeel P, Geypens B, Janssens J, Tack J. Symptoms associated with impaired gastric emptying of solids and liquids in functional dyspepsia. Am J Gastroenterol 2003; 98: 7838.
    Direct Link:
  • 13
    Kellow JE, Cowan H, Shuter B, et al. Efficacy of cisapride therapy in functional dyspepsia. Aliment Pharmacol Ther 1995; 9: 15360.
  • 14
    Sturm A, Holtmann G, Goebell H, Gerken G. Prokinetics in patients with gastroparesis: a systematic analysis. Digestion 1999; 60: 4227.
  • 15
    Veldhuyzen van Zanten SJ, Jones MJ, Verlinden M, Talley NJ. Efficacy of cisapride and domperidone in functional dyspepsia: a meta-analysis. Am J Gastroenterol 2001; 96: 68996.
  • 16
    Coulie B, Tack J, Maes B, Ghoos Y, De Roo M, Janssens J. Sumatriptan, a selective 5-HT1 receptor agonist, induces a lag phase for gastric emptying of liquids in man. Am J Physiol 1997; 272: G9028.
  • 17
    Ghoos YF, Maes BD, Geypens BJ, et al. Measurement of gastric emptying rate of solids by means of a carbon labeled octanoic acid breath test. Gastroenterology 1993; 104: 16407.
  • 18
    Maes BD, Ghoos YF, Geypens BJ, et al. Combined carbon-13-glycin/carbon-14-octanoic acid breath test to monitor gastric emptying rates of liquids and solids. J Nucl Med 1994; 35: 82431.
  • 19
    Notivol R, Coffin B, Azpiroz F, Mearin F, Serra J, Malagelada JR. Gastric tone determines the sensitivity of the stomach to distension. Gastroenterology 1995; 108: 3306.
  • 20
    Haycock G, Schwartz G, Wisotsky D. Geometric method for measuring body surface area: a height–weight formula validated in infants, children and adults. J Pediatr 1978; 93: 6266.
  • 21
    Quigley EM. Symptoms and gastric function in dyspepsia – goodbye to gastroparesis? Neurogastroenterol Motil 1996; 8: 2735.
  • 22
    Stanghellini V, Tosetti C, Corinaldesi R. Symptoms and gastric functions in dyspepsia – goodbye to gastroparesis or to inadequate studies? Neurogastroenterol Motil 1997; 9: 2034.
  • 23
    Tack J, Peeters TL. What comes after macrolides and other motilin stimulants? Gut 2001; 49: 31718.
  • 24
    Camilleri M. Motilin agonists and dyspepsia: throwing out the baby with the bath water. Gut 2002; 51: 612.
  • 25
    Talley NJ, Verlinden M, Snape W, et al. Failure of a motilin receptor agonist (ABT-229) to relieve the symptoms of functional dyspepsia in patients with and without delayed gastric emptying: a randomized double-blind placebo-controlled trial. Aliment Pharmacol Ther 2000; 14: 165361.
  • 26
    Talley NJ, Verlinden M, Geenen DJ, et al. Effects of a motilin receptor agonist (ABT-229) on upper gastrointestinal symptoms in type 1 diabetes mellitus: a randomised, double blind, placebo controlled trial. Gut 2001; 49: 395401.
  • 27
    Fone DR, Horowitz M, Maddox A, Akkermans LM, Read NW, Dent J. Gastroduodenal motility during the delayed gastric emptying induced by cold stress. Gastroenterology 1990; 98 (5 Pt 1): 115561.
  • 28
    Houghton LA, Mangnall YF, Read NW. Effect of incorporating fat into a liquid test meal on the relation between intragastric distribution and gastric emptying in human volunteers. Gut 1990; 31: 12269.
  • 29
    Bergmann JF, Chassany O, Petit A, Triki R, Caulin C, Segrestaa JM. Correlation between echographic gastric emptying and appetite: influence of psyllium. Gut 1992; 33: 10423.
  • 30
    Tjeerdsma HC, Smout AJ, Akkermans LM. Voluntary suppression of defecation delays gastric emptying. Dig Dis Sci 1993; 38: 8326.
  • 31
    Levein NG, Thorn SE, Wattwil M. Dopamine delays gastric emptying and prolongs orocaecal transit time in volunteers. Eur J Anaesthesiol 1999; 16: 24650.
  • 32
    Geboes KP, Maes B, Luypaerts A, et al. Magnesium chloride slows gastric emptying, but does not affect digestive functions. Aliment Pharmacol Ther 2002; 16: 15717.
  • 33
    Sninsky CA, Davis RH, Clench MH, Thomas KD, Mathias JR. Effect of lidamidine hydrochloride and loperamide on gastric emptying and transit of the small intestine. A double-blind study. Gastroenterology 1986; 90: 6873.
  • 34
    Fone DR, Horowitz M, Read NW, Dent J, Maddox A. The effect of terminal ileal triglyceride infusion on gastroduodenal motility and the intragastric distribution of a solid meal. Gastroenterology 1990; 98: 56875.
  • 35
    Nowak A, Jonderko K, Kaczor R, Nowak S, Skrzypek D. Cigarette smoking delays gastric emptying of a radiolabelled solid food in healthy smokers. Scand J Gastroenterol 1987; 22: 548.
  • 36
    Savage AP, Adrian TE, Carolan G, Chatterjee VK, Bloom SR. Effects of peptide YY (PYY) on mouth to caecum intestinal transit time and on the rate of gastric emptying in healthy volunteers. Gut 1987; 28: 16670.
  • 37
    Tack J, Coulie B, Wilmer A, Andrioli A, Janssens J. Effect of sumatriptan on gastric fundus tone and on the perception of gastric distension in man. Gut 2000; 46: 46873.
  • 38
    Piessevaux H, Tack J, Wilmer A, Coulie B, Geubel A, Janssens J. Perception of changes in wall tension of the proximal stomach in man. Gut 2001; 49: 2038.
  • 39
    Distrutti E, Azpiroz F, Soldevilla A, Malagelada JR. Gastric wall tension determines perception of gastric distension. Gastroenterology 1999; 116: 103542.
  • 40
    Caldarella MP, Azpiroz F, Malagelada JR. Antro-fundic dysfunctions in functional dyspepsia. Gastroenterology 2003; 124: 12209.
  • 41
    Sleight AJ, Cervenka A, Peroutka SJ. In vivo effects of sumatriptan (GR 43175) on extracellular levels of 5-HT in the guinea pig. Neuropharmacology 1990; 29: 51113.