The use of tumour necrosis factor antagonists has changed the therapeutic approach to Crohn's disease.
To determine response and remission rates associated with the 4-week induction phase of adalimumab treatment in patients with luminal and/or fistulizing Crohn's disease, who have lost response to or become intolerant of infliximab.
In this multicentre, prospective, open-label, observational, 52-week study, 50 adults received an induction dose of adalimumab (160 mg at baseline followed by 80 mg at week 2).
Of the 36 patients with luminal Crohn's disease, 83% achieved clinical response [≥70-point reduction in the Crohn's Disease Activity Index (CDAI) score] and 42% achieved clinical remission (CDAI score <150) at week 4. Of the 22 patients with fistulizing disease, five (23%) experienced fistula remission (complete closure of all fistulas that were draining at baseline), and nine (41%) experienced fistula improvement (≥50% decrease in the number of fistulas that were draining at baseline) at week 4. Of the 19 adverse events, most [13 (68%)] were mild, and no serious or infectious adverse events occurred.
Adalimumab may be an effective alternative in patients with luminal and/or fistulizing Crohn's disease who have lost response to or become intolerant of infliximab.