Review article: 5-aminosalicylate formulations for the treatment of ulcerative colitis – methods of comparing release rates and delivery of 5-aminosalicylate to the colonic mucosa
Article first published online: 3 JUN 2008
© 2008 The Authors. Journal compilation © 2008 Blackwell Publishing Ltd
Alimentary Pharmacology & Therapeutics
Volume 28, Issue 6, pages 663–673, September 2008
How to Cite
LICHTENSTEIN, G. R. and KAMM, M. A. (2008), Review article: 5-aminosalicylate formulations for the treatment of ulcerative colitis – methods of comparing release rates and delivery of 5-aminosalicylate to the colonic mucosa. Alimentary Pharmacology & Therapeutics, 28: 663–673. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2036.2008.03751.x
- Issue published online: 20 AUG 2008
- Article first published online: 3 JUN 2008
- Publication data Submitted 11 March 2008 First decision 1 April 2008 Resubmitted 30 May 2008 Accepted 31 May 2008 Epub Accepted Article 3 June 2008
Background Many oral 5-aminosalicylic acid (5-ASA) formulations are designed to maximize 5-ASA release in the colon where it acts topically on the colonic mucosa. Delayed-release formulations and azo-prodrugs minimize 5-ASA absorption in the upper gastrointestinal (GI) tract.
Aims To review methods for assessing 5-ASA release and colonic distribution from oral formulations, and the potential use of this information for guiding clinical decisions.
Methods PubMed and recent conference abstracts were searched for articles describing techniques used to assess 5-ASA release from ulcerative colitis (UC) therapies.
Results In-vitro GI models, although unable to simulate more complex aspects of GI physiology, can provide useful data on 5-ASA release kinetics and bioaccessibility. Gamma-scintigraphy is useful for investigating GI disintegration of different formulations, but may not accurately reflect 5-ASA distribution. Plasma pharmacokinetic studies provide data on systemic exposure, but not on colonic distribution or mucosal uptake. Mucosal biopsies provide direct evidence of colonic distribution and may predict clinical efficacy, but must be interpreted cautiously because of considerable inter-subject variability and other confounding factors.
Conclusion While assessment of 5-ASA release is important, limitations of individual measurement techniques mean that randomized clinical studies in UC patients remain the best guide for dosing and treatment regimen decisions.