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Summary

Background  Crohn’s disease (CD) and ulcerative colitis (UC) are chronic inflammatory diseases of the intestine, which frequently require surgery for complications or failure of medical therapy.

Aim  To seek evidence and provide direction for clinicians on optimal strategies to enable steroid free remission in inflammatory bowel disease.

Methods  Scientific literature was reviewed using MEDLINE with a specific focus on medical therapies for inducing and maintaining remission of CD and UC. The results were discussed at a roundtable meeting to reach a consensus on key issues.

Results  Several therapies have demonstrated efficacy for the treatment of active, moderate-to-severe CD and UC. These include agents, which induce remission [corticosteroids, infliximab and adalimumab (CD only)] or maintain remission and spare corticosteroids [azathioprine, mercaptopurine, methotrexate (CD only), infliximab and adalimumab (CD only)]. Wide variability exists in the use of these agents.

Conclusion  Treatment strategy algorithms are developed for use of these therapies that maximize remission and minimize corticosteroid dependence in patients with moderate-to-severe CD and UC.