Meta-analysis: factors predicting post-operative recurrence with placebo therapy in patients with Crohn’s disease
Version of Record online: 28 JUN 2008
© 2008 The Authors. Journal compilation © 2008 Blackwell Publishing Ltd
Alimentary Pharmacology & Therapeutics
Volume 28, Issue 5, pages 545–556, September 2008
How to Cite
PASCUA, M., SU, C., LEWIS, J. D., BRENSINGER, C. and LICHTENSTEIN, G. R. (2008), Meta-analysis: factors predicting post-operative recurrence with placebo therapy in patients with Crohn’s disease. Alimentary Pharmacology & Therapeutics, 28: 545–556. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2036.2008.03774.x
- Issue online: 31 JUL 2008
- Version of Record online: 28 JUN 2008
- Publication data Submitted 10 April 2008 First decision 8 May 2008 Resubmitted 12 June 2008 Accepted 15 June 2008 Epub Accepted Article 28 June 2008
Background The use of placebo in randomized clinical trials (PC-RCTs) is often required to evaluate drug efficacy in maintenance of Crohn’s disease (CD).
Aim To determine pooled estimates of placebo rates of maintaining clinical remission and endoscopic recurrence following surgery for CD and identify factors that influenced placebo outcomes.
Methods We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis of PC-RCTs evaluating post-operative maintenance therapies for CD identified from MEDLINE from 1966 to 2005.
Results Twelve studies met our inclusion criteria. The pooled placebo rate of maintaining clinical remission was 56% (95% CI 47–64%; range 34–89%) during a median follow-up of 52 weeks (range 12–156 weeks), but significant heterogeneity existed among the studies (P < 0.001). Prior steroid therapy was the only factor found to be associated with maintaining remission (P = 0.04). The pooled placebo endoscopic recurrence rate was 58% (95% CI 51–65%; range 36–80%) during a median follow-up of 52 weeks (range 12–156 weeks), with significant heterogeneity noted (P = 0.0003). Prior surgery, concomitant small bowel and colonic disease, fistulizing phenotype, or prior immunomodulator therapy influenced endoscopic recurrence (P < 0.05).
Conclusion Placebo rates in PC-RCTs evaluating post-operative clinical and endoscopic recurrence demonstrate significant variability, which is influenced by specific study characteristics.