Pain from distension of the pelvic colon by inflating a balloon in the irritable colon syndrome. Gut 1973; 14: 125–32. .
Personal view: food for thought--western lifestyle and susceptibility to Crohn’s disease. The FODMAP hypothesis. Aliment Pharmacol Ther 2005; 21: 1399–409. , .
Fructose intake at current levels in the United States may cause gastrointestinal distress in normal adults. J Am Diet Assoc 2005; 105: 1559–66. , , .
Fructose intolerance: an under-recognized problem. Am J Gastroenterol 2003; 98: 1348–53. , , , , .
Role of fructose-sorbitol malabsorption in the irritable bowel syndrome. Gastroenterol 1991; 101: 1453–4. , , , , , .
Carbohydrate malabsorption and the effect of dietary restriction on symptoms of irritable bowel syndrome and functional bowel complaints. Isr Med Assoc J 2000; 2: 583–7. , , .
Fructose and sorbitol malabsorption in ambulatory patients with functional dyspepsia: comparison with lactose maldigestion/malabsorption. Dig Dis Sci 1997; 42: 2591–8. , , , .
Functional bowel disease: malabsorption and abdominal distress after ingestion of fructose, sorbitol, and fructose-sorbitol mixtures. Gastroenterol 1988; 95: 694–700. , .
Comparison of breath testing with fructose and high fructose corn syrups in health and IBS. Neurogastroenterol Motil 2008; 20: 505–11. , , .
Fructose-sorbitol malabsorption and symptom provocation in irritable bowel syndrome: relationship to enteric hypersensitivity and dysmotility. Scand J Gastroenterol 1998; 33: 1158–63. , , , .
Fructans of chicory: intestinal transport and fermentation of different chain lengths and relation to fructose and sorbitol malabsorption. Am J Clin Nutr 1998; 68: 357–64. , .
Gaseous response to ingestion of a poorly absorbed fructo-oligosaccharide sweetener. Am J Clin Nutr 1987; 46: 61–5. , .
Sugar malabsorption in functional abdominal bloating: a pilot study on the long-term effect of dietary treatment. Clin Nutr 2006; 25: 824–31. , , , , , .
Fructose- and sorbitol-reduced diet improves mood and gastrointestinal disturbances in fructose malabsorbers. Scand J Gastroenterol 2000; 35: 1048–52. , , , , .
Fructose malabsorption and symptoms of irritable bowel syndrome: guidelines for effective dietary management. J Am Diet Assoc 2006; 106: 1631–9. , .
Reduction of dietary FODMAPs improves abdominal symptoms in patients with inflammatory bowel disease. J Crohns Cotitis 2008; 3: 8–14. , , , , .
et al. Randomised, placebo-controlled evidence of dietary triggers for abdominal symptoms in patients with irritable bowel syndrome. Clin Gastroenterol Hepatol 2008; 6: 765–71. , , ,
et al. Measurement of short chain carbohydrates (FODMAPs) in common Australian vegetables and fruit by high performance liquid chromatography. J Agric Food Chem 2009; 57: 554–65. , , ,
Fructan and free fructose content of common Australian vegetables and fruit. J Agric Food Chem 2007; 55: 6619–27. , , , , , .
Clinical ramifications of malabsorption of fructose and other short-chain carbohydrates. Pract Gastroenterol 2007; 31: 51–65. , .
Digestion of the polysaccharides of some cereal foods in the human small intestine. Am J Clin Nutr 1985; 42: 778–87. , .
Digestion of the carbohydrates of banana (Musa paradisiaca sapientum) in the human small intestine. Am J Clin Nutr 1986; 44: 42–50. , .
Digestion of polysaccharides of potato in the small intestine of man. Am J Clin Nutr 1987; 45: 423–31. , .
Digestion and absorption of sorbitol, maltitol and isomalt from the small bowel. A study in ileostomy subjects. Eur J Clin Nutr 1994; 48: 768–75. , , , .
Incomplete absorption of pure fructose in healthy subjects and the facilitating effect of glucose. Am J Clin Nutr 1988; 48: 1424–30. , , .
Classification and measurement of nutritionally important starch fractions. Eur J Clin Nutr 1992; 2: S33–50. , , .
Intestinal luminal pH in inflammatory bowel disease: possible determinants and implications for therapy with aminosalicylates and other drugs. Gut 2001; 48: 571–7. , , , .
Symptom provocation in irritable bowel syndrome. Effects of differing doses of fructose-sorbitol. Scand J Gastroenterol 1992; 27: 940–4. , , .
et al. Sugar malabsorption in functional bowel disease: clinical implications. Am J Gastroenterol 1993; 88: 2044–50. , , ,
et al. The intestinal fermentative response to dietary FODMAPs: failure to switch to methane production in patients with irritable bowel syndrome. J Gastroenterol Hepatol 2008; 23: A200–21. , , ,
Comparison of diarrhea induced by ingestion of fructooligosaccharide Idolax and disaccharide lactulose: role of osmolarity versus fermentation of malabsorbed carbohydrate. Dig Dis Sci 1998; 43: 2696–707. , , .
et al. Digestion, excretion, and energy value of fructooligosaccharides in healthy humans. Am J Clin Nutr 1996; 64: 324–8. , , ,
Recovery of inulin from Jerusalem artichoke (Helianthus tuberosus L.) in the small intestine of man. Br J Nutr 1995; 74: 101–13. , .
et al. Changes in the bacterial flora of the neoterminal ileum after ileocolonic resection for Crohn’s disease. Am J Gastroenterol 2002; 97: 939–46. , , ,
Tolerance to small amounts of lactose in lactose maldigesters. Am J Clin Nutr 1996; 64: 197–201. , , .
Resistant starch attenuates colonic DNA damage induced by higher dietary protein in rats. Nutr Cancer 2005; 51: 45–51. , , , .
Comparison between the bacterial and oligosaccharide content of ileostomy effluent in subjects taking diets rich in refined or unrefined carbohydrate. Gut 1984; 25: 1071–7. , , , , , .