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Aliment Pharmacol Ther 2010; 32: 990–999

Summary

Background  Ulcerative colitis (UC) is a chronic relapsing and remitting idiopathic inflammatory bowel disorder.

Aim  To evaluate once-daily mesalamine (mesalazine) granules (MG) for maintenance of remission of UC.

Methods  Randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial of patients (n = 209 MG, n = 96 placebo) with UC in remission [revised Sutherland Disease Activity Index (SDAI) rectal bleeding = 0, mucosal appearance <2] who took MG 1.5 g or placebo once-daily for up to 6 months. Primary efficacy endpoint: the percentage of patients who remained relapse-free at month 6/end of treatment. Relapse was defined as SDAI rectal bleeding score ≥1 and a mucosal appearance score ≥2, a UC flare, or initiation of medication to treat a UC flare.

Results  The percentage of relapse-free patients at month 6/end of treatment was higher with MG than placebo (78.9% vs. 58.3%, < 0.001) in the intent-to-treat analysis. Significant differences (P ≤ 0.025) favouring MG were observed for most secondary endpoints including improvement in rectal bleeding, physician’s disease activity rating, stool frequency, the SDAI at month 6/end of treatment, patients classified as a treatment success and relapse-free duration. The incidence of adverse events was similar between groups.

Conclusions  Once-daily mesalamine (mesalazine) was effective in maintaining remission of UC for 6 months.