SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

References

  • 1
    Lassen, H. C. A. (1953). A preliminary report on the 1952 epidemic of poliomyelitis in Copenhagen with special reference to the treatment of acute respiratory insufficiency. Lancet, I, 37.
  • 2
    Conley, J. J. (1954). Diagnosis and treatment of encrustations in the trachea: their relation to radical surgery of the head and neck. J. Am. med. Ass., 154, 829.
  • 3
    Oliver, P., Richardson, J. R., Clubb, R. W. and Flake, C. G. (1962). Tracheostomy in children. New Engl. J. Med., 267, 631.
  • 4
    Friedman, A. (1955). Therapeutic air humidification: its rationale in acute laryngo-tracheobronchitis in children. Archs Otolar., 62, 471.
  • 5
    Smith, R. M. (1962). Inhalational therapy in pediatrics. Anesthesiology, 23, 548.
  • 6
    Grant, A. F., Wright, J. S. and Clifton, B. S. (1962). The management of severe chest injuries. Med. J. Aust., I, 349.
  • 7
    Bargh, Griffiths, H. W. C. and Slawson, K. B. (1967). Crush injuries of the chest. Br. med. J., II, 131.
  • 8
    Schwab, J. M. and Hartman, M. M. (1964). The management of the airway and ventilation in trauma. Med. Clins. N. Am., 48, 1577.
  • 9
    Matheson, J. G. and Thomson, C. W. (1966). Nursing severe head injuries in oxygen tents. Lancet, I, 591.
  • 10
    Thomas, D. V., Fletcher, G., Sunshine, P., Schafer, I. A. and Klaus, M. H. (1965). Prolonged respirator use in pulmonary insufficiency of the newborn. J. Am. med. Ass., 193, 183.
  • 11
    Stone, H. H., Martin, J. D. and Claydon, C. T. (1967). Management of the pulmonary burn. Am. Surg., 33, 616.
  • 12
    Nisbet, H. I. A. and Wilson, F. (1958). The treatment of acute respiratory infection in infants. Br. J. Anaesth., 30, 419.
  • 13
    Rees, G. J., Stead, A. L., Bush, G. H. and Jones, R. S. (1966). Intensive therapy in paediatrics. Br. med. J., II, 1611.
  • 14
    Halldorsen, T. S., Bushnell, L. S. and Connelly, J. P. (1967). Nasotracheal intubation as a substitute for tracheostomy. Clin. Pediat., 6, 157.
  • 15
    Lord, R. (1967). Review of 280 tracheostomies. Aust. N.Z.J. Surg., 36, 192.
  • 16
    Lu, A. T., Tamura, Y. and Koobs, D. H. (1961). The pathology of laryngotracheal complications: lesions of the pharynx and trachea after intubation anesthesia. Archs Otolar., 74, 323.
  • 17
    Lancet (1967). Leading article: endotracheal intubation or tracheostomy Lancet, I, 258.
  • 18
    Ingelstedt, S. (1956). Studies on the conditioning of air in the respiratory tract. Acta oto-lar., Suppl. 131.
  • 19
    Sara, C. and Currie, T. (1965). Humidification by nebulization. Med. J. Aust., I, 174.
  • 20
    Tovell, R. M. and Little, D. M. (1957). The utilization of fog as a therapeutic agent. Anesthesiology, 18, 470.
  • 21
    Sykes, M. K. (1960). Intermittent positive pressure respiration in tetanus neonatorum. Anaesthesia, 15, 401.
  • 22
    Mcdonald, I. H. and Stocks, J. G. (1965). Prolonged nasotracheal intubation: a review of its development in a paediatric hospital. Br. J. Anaesth., 37, 161.
  • 23
    Burstein, C. L. and Mark, L. C. (1948). Control of temperature of inspired atmosphere in absorption technic. Anesthesiology, 9, 197.
  • 24
    Kirch, T. J. and Dekornfeld, T. J. (1967). An unexpected complication (hyperthermia) while using the Emerson postoperative ventilator. Anesthesiology, 28, 1106.
  • 25
    Watts, J. M. (1963). Tracheostomy in modern practice. Br. J. Surg., 50, 954.
  • 26
    Wells, R. E., Walker, J. E. C. and Hickler, R. B. (1960). Effects of cold air on respiratory airflow resistance in patients with respiratory-tract disease. New Engl. J. Med., 263, 268.
  • 27
    Millar, J. S., Nairn, J. R., Unkles, R. D. and Mcneill, R. S. (1965). Cold air and ventilatory function. Br. J. Dis. Chest., 59, 23.
  • 28
    Tovell, R. M., Lion, K. S. and Lovell, B. B. (1961). Recent advances in inhalation therapy using high humidity. Anesth. Analg. curr. Res., 40, 105.
  • 29
    Harris, R. L. and Riley, H. D. (1967). Reactions to aerosol medication in infants and children. J. Am. med. Ass., 201, 953.
  • 30
    Rashad, K. F. and Benson, D. W. (1967). Role of humidity in prevention of hypothermia in infants and children. Anesth. Analg. curr. Res., 46, 712.
  • 31
    Sara, C. (1965). The management of patients with a tracheostomy. Med. J. Aust., I, 99.
  • 32
    Proetz, A. W. (1956). Humidity, a problem in air conditioning. Ann. Orol. Rhinol. Lar., 65, 376.
  • 33
    Basch, F. P., Holinger, P. and Poncher, H. O. (1941). Physical and chemical properties of sputum. II. Influence of drugs, steam, carbon dioxide and oxygen. Am. J. Dis. Child., 62, 1149.
  • 34
    Holinger, P. and Basch, F. P. and Poncher, H. G. (1941). The influence of expectorants and gases on sputum and the mucous membranes of the tracheobronchial tree. J. Am. med. Ass., 117, 675.
  • 35
    Büttner, K. (1950). Physical heat balance in man. German Aviation Medicine in World War II, 2, 780 (quoted by Tovell el al.28).
  • 36
    Dalhamn, T. (1956). Mucous flow and ciliary activity in the trachea of healthy rats and rats exposed to irritant gases (SO2, H3N, HCHO). A functional and morphologic (light microscopic and electron microscopic) study, with special reference to technique. Acta physiol. Scand., Suppl. 123.
  • 37
    Toremalm, N. G. (1961). Air-flow patterns and ciliary activity in the trachea after tracheotomy. A method of determination in vitro of the role of ciliary beat in a tracheal model. Acta oto-lar., 53, 442.
  • 38
    Burton, J. D. K. (1962). Effects of dry anaesthetic gases on the respiratory mucous membrane. Lancet, I, 235.
  • 39
    Rashad, K. F., Wilson, K., Hurt, H. H., Graff, T. D. and Benson, D. W. (1967). Effect of humidification of anesthetic gases on static compliance. Anesth. Analg. curr. Res., 46, 127.
  • 40
    Correll, N. O. and Beattie, E. J. (1957). Experimental method for production of squamous metaplasia of respiratory epithelium. Archs Surg., Chicago, 75, 542.
  • 41
    Modell, J. H., Giammona, S. T. and Davis, J. H. (1967). Effect of chronic exposure to ultrasonic aerosols on the lung. Anesthesiology, 28, 680.
  • 42
    Modell, J. H., Moya, P., Ruiz, B. C., Showers, A. V. and Newby, E. (1968). Blood gas and electrolyte determinations during exposure to ultrasonic nebulized aerosols. Br. J. Anaesth., 40, 20.
  • 43
    Halmagyi, D. F. J. and Colebatch, H. J. H. (1961). Ventilation and circulation after fluid aspiration. J. appl. Physiol., 16, 35.
  • 44
    Colebatch, H. J. H. and Halmagyi, D. F. J. (1961). Lung mechanics and resuscitation after fluid aspiration. J. appl. Physiol., 16, 684.
  • 45
    Modell, J. H., Moya, F., Williams, H. D. and Weibley, T. C. (1968). Changes in blood gases and A-aDO2 during near-drowning. Anesthesiology, 29, 456.
  • 46
    Giammona, S. T. and Modell, J. H. (1967). Drowning by total immersion: effects on pulmonary surfactant of distilled water, isotonic saline and sea water. Am. J. Dis. Child., 114, 612.
  • 47
    Baker, H. (1955). Five years' experience with a high humidity room. Can. med. Ass. J., 72, 914.
  • 48
    Toremalm, N. G. (1960). Postoperative care and complications after tracheotomy in infants and children: a clinical and experimental study. Acta anaesth. Scand., 4, 105.
  • 49
    Davison, F. W. (1948). Acute laryngotracheobronchitis: further studies on treatment. Archs Otolar., 47, 455.
  • 50
    Smith, R. M. and Denton, R. (1951). Portable humidifying unit. Am. J. Dis. Child., 81, 784.
  • 51
    Walley, R. V. (1956). Humidifier for use with tracheotomy and positive-pressure respiration. Lancet, I, 781.
  • 52
    Koch, H., Allander, C, Ingelstedt, S. and Toremalm, N. G. (1958). A method for humidifying inspired air in post-tracheotomy care. Ann. Otol. Rhinol. Lar., 67, 991.
  • 53
    Toremalm, N. G. (1960). A heat-and-moisture exchanger for post-tracheotomy care: an experimental study. Acta oto-lar., 52, 461.
  • 54
    Mapleson, W. W., Morgan, J. G. and Hillard, E. K. (1963). Assessment of condenser-humidifiers with special reference to a multiple-gauze model. Br. med. J., I, 300.
  • 55
    Sara, C. A. and Clifton, B. S. (1962). Techniques and mechanical aids for artificial respiration. Med. J. Aust., II, 447.
  • 56
    Marshall, R. D., Jones, N. O. and Crichton, T. C. (1967). A T-piece for use with a blower-humidifier. Anaesthesia, 22, 494.
  • 57
    Norris, W. and Campbell, D. (1965). Anaesthetics, Resuscitation and Intensive Care, pp. 1418. Edinburgh : Livingstone.
  • 58
    Pennington, J. H., Lumley, J. and O'grady, F. (1966). The growth of Pseudomonas pyocyanea in Garthur condenser humidifiers: an experimental study. Anaesthesia, 21, 211.
  • 59
    Hingorani, B. K. (1965). The resistance to airflow of tracheostomy tubes, connections, and heat and moisture exchangers. Br. J. Anaesth., 37, 454.
  • 60
    Lueders, H. W., Stranahan, A., Alley, R. D., Kausel, H. W. and Peck, A. S. (1958). A simplified method for achieving intrarespiratory humidification in the tracheotomized patient. J. thorac. Surg., 35, 461.
  • 61
    Bryant, L. R. (1963). A technique for adequate humidification with mechanical respirators. J. thorac. cardiovasc. Surg., 46, 404.
  • 62
    Marshall, M. (1964). Micro-pump for continuous instillation of saline after tracheostomy. Lancet, II, 186.
  • 63
    Bosomworth, P. P. and Spencer, F. C. (1965). Prolonged mechanical ventilation. I. Factors affecting delivered oxygen concentrations and relative humidity. Am. Surg., 31, 377.
  • 64
    Cushing, I. E. and Miller, W. F. (1965). Nebulization therapy. Clin. Anesth., 1, 169.
  • 65
    Urbanowicz, N. N., Bond, F. O., Pelton, D. A. and Conn, A. W. (1966). A new concept of humidification. Can. Anaesth. Soc. J., 13, 172.
  • 66
    Segal, M. S., Traverse, N. and Dulfano, M. J. (1962). Inhalational therapy for chronic lung disease. Anesthesiology., 23, 513.
  • 67
    Wells, R. E., Perera, R. D., and Kinney, J. M. (1963). Humidification of oxygen during inhalational therapy. New Engl. J. Med., 268, 644.
  • 68
    Collins, D. L. and Hall, W. M. (1965). Tracheostomy in general surgical practice. Can. J. Surg., 8, 374.
  • 69
    Saklad, M., Wickliff, D. and Eubanks, D. (1967). A bailing device for the automatic removal of condensate from breathing tubes. Anesthesiology, 28, 951.
  • 70
    Pierce, A. K. and Sanford, J. P. (1966). Treatment and prevention of infections associated with inhalation therapy. Mod. Treatment, 3, 1171.
  • 71
    Macpherson, C. R. (1958). Oxygen therapy - an unsuspected source of hospital infections J. Am. med. Ass., 167, 1083.
  • 72
    Reinarz, J. A., Pierce, A. K., Mays, B. B. and Sanford, J. P. (1965). The potential role of inhalation therapy equipment in nosocomial pulmonary infection. J. clin. Invest., 44, 831.
  • 73
    AMERICAN THORACIC SOCIETY (1967). Principles of respiratory care. III. Safety and avoidance of complications. Am. Rev. Resp. Dis., 95, 335.
  • 74
    Moffet, H. L. and Williams, T. (1967). Survival and dissemination of bacteria in nebulizers and incubators. Am. J. Dis. Child., 114, 13.
  • 75
    Edmondson, E. B., Reinarz, J. A., Pierce, A. K. and Sanford, J. P. (1966). Nebulization equipment: a potential source of infection in gram-negative pneumonias. Am. J. Dis. Child., 111, 357.
  • 76
    Holaday, D. A. and Rattenborg, C. C. (1962). Automatic lung ventilators. Anesthesiology, 23, 493.
  • 77
    Safar, P. and Kunkel, H. G. (1965). Prolonged artificial ventilation. Clin. Anesth., 1, 93.
  • 78
    Glover, W. J. (1965). Mechanical ventilation in respiratory insufficiency in infants. Proc. R. Soc. Med., 58, 902.
  • 79
    Heironimus, T. W., iii , and Eastwood, D. W. (1965). Humidifying the Air-Shields respirator. Anesthesiology, 26, 573.
  • 80
    Herzog, P., Norlander, O. P. and Engström, C.-g. (1964). Ultrasonic generation of aerosol for the humidification of inspired gas during volume-controlled ventilation. Acta anaesth. Scand., 8, 79.
  • 81
    AMERICAN THORACIC SOCIETY (1967). Principles of respiratory care. II. Techniques. Am. Rev. Resp. Dis., 95, 329.
  • 82
    Mercer, T. T., Goddard, R. F. and Flores, R. L. (1968). Output characteristics of three ultrasonic nebulizers. Ann. Allergy, 26, 18.
  • 83
    Smith, R. M. (1966). Nasotracheal intubation as a substitute for tracheostomy. Pediatrics, Springfield, 38, 652.
  • 84
    Pratt, L. W. (1967). Postoperative care of the tracheostomy. J. Maine med. Ass., 58, 35.
  • 85
    Corn, M. and Flynn, M. Y. (1967). Dispersion of aerosols in hospitals utilizing aerosol inhalation therapy. Am. induslr. Hyg. Ass. J., 28, 386.
  • 86
    Kubicek, W. G., Holt, G. W., Elam, J. O., Brown, J. R. and Gullickson, G. (1948). Oxygen therapy in poliomyelitis: a tracheotomy inhalator incorporating humidification and optional use of positive pressure for oxygen therapy in patients with tracheostomy. Archsphys. Med., 29, 217.
  • 87
    Marshall, J. and Spalding, J. M. K. (1953). Humidification in positive-pressure respiration for bulbospinal paralysis. Lancet, II, 1022.
  • 88
    Bower, A. G., Bennett, V. R., Dillon, J. B. and Axelrod, B. (1950). An investigation on the care and treatment of poliomyelitis patients. Ann. west. Med. Surg., 4, 561.
  • 89
    Avery, E. E., Mörch, E. T. and Benson, D. W. (1956). Critically crushed chests. A new method of treatment with continuous mechanical hyperventilation to produce alkalotic apnea and internal pneumatic stabilization. J. thorac. Surg., 32, 291.
  • 90
    Feldman, S. A. and Monro, J. A. (1963). A new blower-humidifier. Br. med. J., II, 612.
  • 91
    Spencer, F. C, Benson, D. W., Liu, W. C. and Bahnson, H. T. (1959). Use of a mechanical respirator in the management of respiratory insufficiency following trauma or operation for cardiac or pulmonary disease. J. thorac. cardiovasc. Surg., 38, 758.
  • 92
    Restosoto, A. D., Lui, A. and Glas, W. W. (1962). Complications of the Morch respirator. J. Mich. St. med. Soc, 61, 308.
  • 93
    Hood, R. M. and Bush, C. E. (1962). Lethal hazards of the Morch respirator. J. thorac. cardiovasc. Surg., 43, 338.
  • 94
    Block, A. J. and Ball, W. C. (1966). Acute respiratory failure: observations on the use of the Morch piston respirator. Ann. intern. Med., 65, 957.
  • 95
    Donnelly, O. L. and Wilson, A. (1966). A new respiratory humidifier. Med. J. Aust., I, 720.
  • 96
    Matheson, N. A., Gardiner, A. J. S., Low, A. J. and Dudley, H. A. F. (1963). The management of a tracheostomy. Lancet, II, 31.
  • 97
    Beneveniste, D. (1962). A new humidifier. Acta anaesth. Scand. suppl. 12, 80.
  • 98
    Lawes, W. E. and Harries, J. R. (1956). Intermittent positive-pressure respiration: an unusual complication in an infant. Lancet, I. 783.
  • 99
    Schulze, T., Edmondson, E. B., Pierce, A. K. and Sanford, J. P. (1967). Studies of a new humidifying device as a potential source of bacterial aerosols. Am. Rev. Resp. Dis., 96, 517.
  • 100
    Phillips, I. and Spencer, G. (1965). Pseudomonas aeruginosa cross-infection due to contaminated respiratory apparatus. Lancet, II, 1325.
  • 101
    Zorab, J. S. M. (1963). Management of a tracheostomy. Lancet, II, 201.
  • 102
    Peters, R. M. (1967). Artificial respiration: potentials and dangers. Ann. thorac. Surg., 4, 189.
  • 103
    Peters, R. M. and Hutchin, P. (1967). Adequacy of available respirators to their tasks. Ann. thorac. Surg., 3, 414.
  • 104
    Heironimus, T. W. iii. (1967). Discussion on RASHAD and BENSON30.