SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

References

  • 1
    Carter MK. The history of barbituric acid. Journal of Chemical Edtion 1951; 28: 5246.
  • 2
    Harvey SC. Hypnotics and sedatives: the barbiturates. In: GoodmanLS, GilmanA, eds. The pharmacological basis of therapeutics. 5th ed. New York : Macmillan, 1975: 10223.
  • 3
    Kendall J. Barbituric acid. Journal of Chemical Education 1946; 23: 2.
  • 4
    Redonnet TA. Recherchés comparatives sur Faction pharmacodynamique des derivés de l'acide barbiturique. Archives Internationales de Pharmacodynamie de Thérapie 1920; 25: 24153.
  • 5
    Bardet D. Sur l'utilisation, comme anésthésique géneral, d'un produit nouveau, le diéthyl-diallyl-barbiturate de diéthylamine. Bullétin Général de Thérapeutique Médicale, Chirurgicale, Obstétricale et Pharmaceutique 1921; 172: 2733.
  • 6
    Bardet G, Bardet D. Contribution a l'études des hypnotiques uréiques; action et utilisation du diéthyl-diallyl-barbiturate de diéthyl-amine. Bullétin Général de Thérapeutique Médicale, Chirurgieale, Obstétricale el Pharmaceutique 1921; 172: 173205.
  • 7
    Fjelde JH. The production of obstetrical and surgical anaesthesia by the use of barbituric acid compounds. Anesthesia and Analgesia 1929; 8: 406.
  • 8
    Bumm R. Intravenöse Narkosen mit Barbitursäurederivaten. Klinische Wochenschrift 1927; 6: 7256.
  • 9
    Shonle HA, Moment A. Some new hypnotics of the barbituric acid series. Journal of the American Chemical Society 1923; 45: 2439.
  • 10
    Shonle HA, Keltch AK, Swanson EE. Dialkyl barbituric acids. Journal of the American Chemical Society 1930; 52: 244051.
  • 11
    Shonle HA, Keltch AK, Kempf GF, Swanson EE. The question of elimination of barbituric acid derivatives in the urine with special reference to iso-amyl ethyl barbituric acid (sodium amytal) and 1 -methyl-butyl ethyl barbituric acid (pentobarbital sodium). Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics 1933; 49: 393407.
  • 12
    Volwiler EH, Tabern DL. 5,5-substituted barbituric acid. Journal of the American Chemical Society 1930; 52: 16769.
  • 13
    Tabern DL, Volwiler EH. Sulfur-containing barbiturate hypnotics. Journal of the American Chemical Society 1935; 57: 19613.
  • 14
    Miller E, Munch JC, Crossley FS. Thiobarbiturates. Science 1935; 81: 615.
  • 15
    Miller E, Munch JC, Crossley FS, Hartung WH. Thiobarbiturates. Journal of the American Chemical Society 1936; 58: 10901.
  • 16
    Lundy JS. A case illustrating the use of sodium iso-amylethyl barbiturate (sodium amytal). Report of the 48th meeting of the Society of Clinical Surgery April 29–30, 1929.
  • 17
    Lundy JS. The barbiturates as anesthetics, hypnotics and antispasmodics: their use in 1,000 surgical and nonsurgical clinical cases and in operations in animals. Anesthesia and Analgesia 1929; 8: 3605.
  • 18
    Lundy JS. The use of barbituric acids, acetylene, spinal anesthesia, tribromethyl alcohol and other anesthetics in the Mayo Clinic in 1929. Minnesota Medicine 1930; 13: 2238.
  • 19
    Lundy JS. Intravenous anesthesia: particularly hypnotic, anesthesia and toxic effects of certain new derivatives of barbituric acid. Anesthesia and Analgesia 1930; 9: 2107.
  • 20
    Lundy JS. Useful anesthetic agents and methods. Journal of the American Medical Association 1931; 97: 2531.
  • 21
    Lundy JS. Various anesthetics and certain methods of their administration: indications and contraindications for their use. New York State Journal of Medicine 1931; 31: 95661.
  • 22
    Lundy JS. Experience with sodium ethyl (1-methylbutyl) barbiturate (Nembutal) in more than 2,300 cases. Surgical Clinics of North America 1931; 11: 90915.
  • 23
    Lundy JS, Osterberg AE. Review of the literature on the derivatives of barbituric acid: chemistry: pharmacology; clinical use. Proceedings of Staff Meetings, Mayo Clinic 1929; 4: 386416.
  • 24
    Jaeger AS. Experience with sodium amytal as a general anesthetic. Indianapolis Medical Journal 1929; 32: 1879.
  • 25
    Graham HF. Sodium amytal in general surgery. American Journal of Surgery 1930; n.s.9: 624.
  • 26
    Graham AB, Ricketts JW. Sodium amytal anesthesia in rectal surgery. Transactions of the American Proctologic Society 1930; 31: 13748.
  • 27
    Jackson AS. The use of sodium amytal in major surgery. Wisconsin Medical Journal 1930; 29: 195200.
  • 28
    Zerfas LG, McCallum JTC. Analgesic and anaesthetic properties of sodium isoamylethyl barbiturate: preliminary report. Journal of Indiana Medical Association 1929; 22: 4750.
  • 29
    Zerfas LG. Sodium amytal and other derivatives of barbituric acid. British Medical Journal 1930; 2: 897902.
  • 30
    Kempf GF, McCallum JTC, Zerfas LG. A successful treatment for strychnine poisoning: report of eleven cases. Journal of the American Medical Association 1933; 100: 54851.
  • 31
    Adams RC. Intravenous anesthesia. New York and London : Hoeber, 1944.
  • 32
    Jarman R. Sodium amytal. British Medical Journal 1930; 2: 1024.
  • 33
    Featherstone HW. Basal anaesthetics and allied substances: their use and misuse. British Medical Journal 1934; 1: 32226.
  • 34
    Fitch RH, Waters RM, Tatum AL. The intravenous use of the barbituric acid hypnotics in surgery. American Journal of Surgery 1930; n.s.9: 1104.
  • 35
    Dundee JW, Wyant GM. Intravenous anaesthesia. Edinburgh : Churchill Livingstone, 1974.
  • 36
    Magill IW. Nembutal as a basal hypnotic in general anaesthesia. Lancet 1931; 1: 745.
  • 37
    Weese H, Scharpff W. Evipan, ein neuartiges Einschlaffmittel. Deutsche Medizininsche Wochenschrift 1932; 58: 12057.
  • 38
    Weese H, Koss FH. Ueber ein nenes ultra-kurznarkoticum. Deutsche Medizininsche Wochenschrift 1954; 79: 6014.
  • 39
    Fischer, E von Mering, J. Ueber eine neue Klasse von Schlafmitteln. Therapie der Gegenwart 1903; 44 (N.F.5): 97101.
  • 40
    Lundy JS, Tovell RM. Some of the newer local and general anesthetic agents. Methods of their administration. Northwest Medicine (Seattle) 1934; 33: 30811.
  • 41
    Pratt TW, Tatum AL, Hathaway HR, Waters RM. Sodium ethyl (1-methyl butyl) thiobarbiturate: preliminary experimental and clinical study. American Journal of Surgery 1936; n.s.31: 4646.
  • 42
    Jarman R, Abel AL. Intravenous anaesthesia with pentothal sodium. Lancet 1936; 230: 42223.
  • 43
    Horatz K, Stürtzbecher F. Neue Hilfsmittel in der Anaesthesie. Der Anaesthesist 1952; 1: 14950.
  • 44
    Nieschulz O. Narkotische Wirkungen einiger Thiobarbitursäuren. Arzneimittel-Forschung 1953; 4: 441.
  • 45
    Dundee JW, Riding JE. A comparison of Inactin and thiopentone as intravenous anaesthetics. British Journal of Anaesthesia 1960; 32: 20618.
  • 46
    Zima, O von Werder, F, Hotovy R. Methylthioäthyl-2′-pentyl-thiobarbitursaures Natrium (Thiogenal), ein neues Kurznarkoticum. Der Anaesthesist 1954; 3: 2445.
  • 47
    Dundee JW. Clinical studies of induction agents, VII. A comparison of eight intravenous anaesthetics as main agents for a standard operation. British Journal of Anaesthesia 1963; 35: 78494.
  • 48
    Swanson EE, Mueller LB, Henderson FG, Chen KK. Pharmacology of spiro-barbituric and spiro-thiobarbituric acids. Anesthesia and Analgesia 1950; 29: 8996.
  • 49
    Volpitto PP. Experiences with ultra-short acting intravenous barbiturates combined with decamethonium bromide for endotracheal intubation. Anesthesiology 1951; 12: 64855.
  • 50
    Kopp M, Tchoubar B. Sur une methode avantabeuse d'obtention des malonylurées et malonyl-thiourées a radieaux alcoyles ramifyés. Bulletin de la Société Chimique de France 1951; 18: 301.
  • 51
    Buchel L, Lévy J. Sur deux nouvelles substances de la série de barbituriques et thiobarbituriques. Anesthésie et Analgésie (Paris) 1951; 8: 4337.
  • 52
    Buchel L, Lévy J. Sur un barbiturique a courte durée d'action. Anesthésie et Analgésie (Paris) 1953; 10: 3517.
  • 53
    Buchel L, Lévy J, Tchoubar B. Rapport entre la constitution et l'action dans la série des barbituriques et des thiobarbituriques porteurs de radicaux alcoyles ramifiés en alpha. Anesthésie et Analgésie (Paris) 1953; 10: 34350.
  • 54
    Thalheimer M. Anesthesia by intravenous injection of 1-methyl-5, 5-allyl-isopropyl barbiturie acid. Anesthesia and Analgesia 1937; 16: 615.
  • 55
    Barron DW. Clinical studies of induction agents. II: A comparison of the incidence of induction complications with two methylated oxybarbiturates, Narconumal and Narcodorm. British Journal of Anaesthesia 1962; 34: 3914.
  • 56
    Gandow O. Erfahrungen mit ‘Eunarcon’. Zentralblatt für Gynäkologie 1936; 60: 170119.
  • 57
    Chernish SM, Gruber CM, Demeyer M, Littlefield S, Stoelting VK. Double blind comparison of compound 22451, pentothal and surital. Federation Proceedings 1956; 15: 409.
  • 58
    Stoelting VK. The use of a new intravenous oxygen barbiturate 25398 for intravenous anesthesia (a preliminary report). Anesthesia and Analgesia 1957; 36: 4951.
  • 59
    Redish CH, Vore RE, Chernish SM, Gruber CM. A comparison of thiopental sodium, methitural sodium and methohexital sodium in oral surgery patients. Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology 1958; 11: 60316.
  • 60
    Taylor C, Stoelting VK. Methohexital sodium—a new ultrashort acting barbiturate. Anesthesiology 1960; 21: 2934.
  • 61
    Friedman E. Methohexital anesthesia in electro-cerebral therapy. Diseases of the Nervous System, Monograph supplement 1959; 20 (5): 1214.
  • 62
    Wyant GM, Chang CA. Sodium methohexital: a clinical study. Canadian Anaesthetists' Society Journal 1959; 6: 4050.
  • 63
    Wyant GM, Dobkin AB, Aasheim GM. Comparison of seven intravenous anaesthetic agents in man. British Journal of Anaesthesia 1957; 29: 194209.
  • 64
    Dundee JW, Moore J. Thiopentone and methohexital: a comparison as main anaesthetic agents for a standard operation. Anaesthesia 1961; 16: 5060.
  • 65
    Dundee JW, Moore J. The effects of premedication with phenothiazine derivatives on the course of methohexitone anaesthesia. British Journal of Anaesthesia 1961; 33: 38296.
  • 66
    Moore J, Dundee JW. Promethazine: its influence on the course of thiopentone and methohexital anaesthesia. Anaesthesia 1961; 16: 6173.
  • 67
    Barron DW. Effect of premedication and dosage on the induction characteristics of intravenous barbiturates. International Anesthesiology Clinics 1964; 2: 7439.
  • 68
    Dundee JW, Nicholl RM, Moore J. The influence of phenothiazine premedication on methohexitone dosage. Anaesthesia 1963; 18: 415.
  • 69
    Barron DW, Dundee JW. Clinical studies of induction agents, XVII. Relationship between dosage and side effects of intravenous barbiturates. British Journal of Anaesthesia 1967; 39: 2430.
  • 70
    Halford FJ. A critique of intravenous anesthesia in war surgery. Anesthesiology 1943; 4: 679.
  • 71
    Stoelting VK, Graf JP. Preliminary report of five new intravenous barbiturates. Anesthesiology 1954:15: 615.
  • 72
    Dundee JW, Barron DW, King R. The effect of methylation on the anaesthetic action of ethyl-methyl-propyl thiobarbiturate. British Journal of Anaesthesia 1960; 32: 56675.
  • 73
    Barron DW, Dundee JW, King R. Experiences with a new methyl-thiobarbiturate (B. 137). Anesthesia and Analgesia 1961; 40: 4915.
  • 74
    Barron DW, Dundee JW. Further experiences with methylated thiobarbiturates. British Journal of Anaesthesia 1961; 33: 1301.
  • 75
    Mark LC, Perel JM, Brand L, Dayton PG. Studies with thiohexital. an anesthetic barbiturate metabolized with unusual rapidity in man. Anesthesiology 1968; 29: 115966.