• 1
    Dyer AR, Stamler J, Paul O, Berkson DM, Lepper MH, McKean H, Shekelle RB, Lindberg HA, Garside D. Alcohol consumption, cardiovascular risk factors, and mortality in two Chicago epidemiologic studies. Circulation 1977; 56: 106774.
  • 2
    Orkin LR, Chen CH. Addiction, alcoholism, and anaesthesia. Southern Medical Journal 1977; 70: 11724.
  • 3
    Dundee JW, Howard AJ, Isaac M. Alcohol and the benzodiazepines. The interaction between intravenous ethanol and chlordiazepoxide and diazepam. Ouarterly Journal of Studies on Alcohol 1971; 32: 9608.
  • 4
    Lee KYP, Cho MH, Dobkin AB. Effects of alcoholism, morphinism, and barbiturate resistance on induction and maintenance of general anaesthesia. The Canadian Anaesthetists' Society Journal 1964, 11: 35481.
  • 5
    Johnstone RE, Kulp RA, Smith TC. Effects of acute and chronic ethanol administration on isoflurane requirement in mice. Anesthesia and Analgesia 1975; 54: 27781.
  • 6
    Abreu EB, Emerson GA. Susceptibility to ether anesthesia of mice habituated to alcohol, morphine or cocain. Anesthesia and Analgesia 1939; 18: 294300.
  • 7
    Frankel D, Khanna JM, Le Blanc AE, Kalant H. Effect of p-chlorphenylalanine on development of cross-tolerance between pentobarbital and ethanol. Canadian Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology 1977; 55: 9547.
  • 8
    Wolfson B, Freed B. Influence of alcohol on anesthetic requirements and acute toxicity. Anesthesia and Analgesia 1980; 59: 82630.
  • 9
    Tammisto T, Tigerstedt I. The need for halothane supplementation of N2O-O2-relaxant anaesthesia in chronic alcoholics. Acta Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica 1977; 21: 1723.
  • 10
    Tammisto T, Tigerstedt I. The need for fentanyl supplementation of N2O-O2-relaxant anaesthesia in chronic alcoholics. Acta Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica 1977; 21: 21621.
  • 11
    Keilty SR. Anesthesia for the alcoholic patient. Anesthesia and Analgesia 1969; 48: 65964.
  • 12
    Cross NM, Lewis E, Hastey J. Acute alcohol withdrawal syndrome. In: KissinB, BegleiterH, eds. The biology of alcoholism. Vol. 3. New York Plenum, 1974 191263.
  • 13
    Pohorecky LA, Jaffe LS, Berkeley HA. Ethanol withdrawal in the rat: involvement of non-adrenergic neurons. Life Science 1974; 15: 42737.
  • 14
    Haxholdt OS, Johansson G. The alcoholic patient and surgical stress. Anaesthesia 1982; 37: 797801.
  • 15
    Rubin E, Lieber CS. Hepatic microsomal enzymes in man and rat: induction and inhibition by ethanol. Science 1968; 162: 6901.
  • 16
    Ishii H, Joly JG, Lieber J, Lieber CS. Effect of ethanol on the amount and enzyme activities of hepatic rough and smooth microsomal membranes. Biochimica et Biophysica Acta 1973; 291: 41120.
  • 17
    Khanna JM, Kalant H, Yee Y, Chung S, Siemens AJ. Effect of chronic ethanol treatment on metabolism of drugs in vitro and in vivo metabolism of drugs. Biochemical Pharmacology 1976; 25: 32935.
  • 18
    Murphy MR, Olson WA, Hug CC Jr. Pharmacokinetics of 3H-fentanyl in the dog anesthetized with enflurane. Anesthesiology 1979; 50: 1319.
  • 19
    Zilm DH, Sellers EM, Macleod SM, Degani N. Propranolol effect on tremor in alcoholic withdrawal. Annals of Internal Medicine 1975; 83: 2346.
  • 20
    Hoffman PL, Tabakoff B. Modification of dopamine receptor-mediated processes after chronic ethanol intoxication: a possible mechanism. Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology 1980; 126: 2142.
  • 21
    Michaels EK, Michaelis ML, Freed WJ. Chronic ethanol intake and synaptosomal glutamate binding activity. Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology 1980 126: 4356.
  • 22
    Halsey MJ, Millar RA, Sutton JA. Molecular mechanisms in general anaesthesia. Edinburgh : Churchill Livingstone, 1974.
  • 23
    Haxholdt OS, Kehlet H, Dyrberg V. Effect of fentanyl on the cortisol and hyperglycemic response to abdominal surgery. Acta Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica 1981: 25: 4346.