SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

References

  • 1
    Lucas DN, Yentis SM, Kinsella SM et al. Urgency of caesarean section: a new classification. Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine 2000; 93: 34650.
  • 2
    Halpern SH, Douglas MJ, eds. Evidence-Based Obstetric Anesthesia. Cambridge, MA: Blackwell, 2005.
  • 3
    OAA/AAGBI. Guidelines for Obstetric Anaesthesia Services. Revised Edition. http://www.aagbi.org/pdf/Obstetric.pdf .
  • 4
    NHS. Caesarean section clinical guideline. NHS National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence, 2005. http://www.nice.org.uk/page.aspx?o=113190 .
  • 5
    Thomas J, Paranjothy S. Royal College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists Clinical Effectiveness Support Unit. The National Sentinel Caesarean Section Audit Report. London: RCOG Press, 2001. http://www.rcog.org.uk/resources/public/pdf/nscs_audit.pdf .
  • 6
    Clinical Negligence Scheme for Trusts. General Standards. NHS Litigation Authority, 2001. http://www.nhsla.com/NR/rdonlyres/EE1F7C66-A172--4F0C--8A36--7FCCD31A52A0/0/CNSTMaternityStandardsApril2005final.pdf .
  • 7
    Yentis SM. Editorial. Whose distress is it anyway? ‘Fetal distress’ and the 30-minute rule. Anaesthesia 2003; 58: 7323.
  • 8
    James DK. Editorial. Caesarean section for fetal distress. British Medical Journal 2001; 332: 13167.
  • 9
    Shroff R, Thompson ACD, McCrum A, Rees SGO. Prospective multidisciplinary audit of obstetric general anaesthesia in a District General Hospital. Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology 2004; 24: 6416.
  • 10
    Banks A, Levy D. Life-threatening complications of pregnancy: key issues for anaesthetists. Current Anaesthesia and Critical Care 2006; 17: in press.
  • 11
    Thurlow JA, Kinsella M. Intrauterine resuscitation: active management of fetal distress. International Journal of Obstetric Anesthesia 2002; 11: 10516.
  • 12
    Kinsella SM. Editorial. Lateral tilt for pregnant women: why 15 degrees? Anaesthesia 2003; 58: 8357.
  • 13
    Royal College of Anaesthetists. Technique of anaesthesia for Caesarean section. In: Raising the Standard: a Compendium of Audit Recipes. http://www.rcoa.ac.uk/index.asp?PageID=125 .
  • 14
    Norton AC, Agarwal B. Evaluation of a midwife managed risk assessment protocol for selective administration of H2 receptor blockade in labour. International Journal of Obstetric Anesthesia 1998, 7: 2023.
  • 15
    Morgan BM, Magni V, Goroszenuik T. Anaesthesia for emergency caesarean section. British Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology 1990; 97: 4204.
  • 16
    Goring-Morris J, Russell IF. A randomised comparison of 0.5% bupivacaine with a lidocaine/epinephrine/fentanyl mixture for epidural top-up for emergency caesarean section after ‘low-dose’ epidural for labour. International Journal of Obstetric Anesthesia 2006; 15: 10914.
  • 17
    Moore P, Russell IF. Epidural top-ups for category I/II emergency caesarean section should be given only in the operating theatre. International Journal of Obstetric Anesthesia 2004; 13: 25765.
  • 18
    Shibli KU, Russell IF. A survey of anaesthetic techniques used for caesarean section in the UK in 1997. International Journal of Obstetric Anesthesia 2000; 9: 1607.
  • 19
    Visalyaputra S, Rodanant O, Somboonviboon W, Tantivitayatan K, Thienthong S, Saengchote W. Spinal versus epidural for caesarean delivery in severe preeclampsia: a prospective randomized, multicentre study. Anesthesia and Analgesia 2005; 101: 8628.
  • 20
    Yentis SM. Editorial: Height of confusion: assessing regional blocks before caesarean section. International Journal of Obstetric Anesthesia 2006; 15: 26.
  • 21
    McCahon RA, Catling S. Time required for surgical readiness in emergency caesarean section: spinal compared with general anaesthesia. International Journal of Obstetric Anesthesia 2003; 12: 17882.
  • 22
    Scrutton M, Kinsella SM. The immediate caesarean section: rapid-sequence spinal and risk of infection. International Journal of Obstetric Anesthesia 2003; 12: 1434.
  • 23
    Barkshire K, Russell R, Burry J, Popat M. A comparison of bupivacaine-fentanyl-morphine with bupivacaine-fentanyl-diamorphine for caesarean section under spinal anaesthesia. International Journal of Obstetric Anesthesia 2001; 10: 410.
  • 24
    Reynolds F, Seed PT. Anaesthesia for Caesarean section and neonatal acid-base status: a meta-analysis. Anaesthesia 2005; 60: 63653.
  • 25
    Reynolds F. What babies want. Anaesthesia 2005; 60: 1242.
  • 26
    Ngan Kee WD, Khaw KS, Ng FF. Prevention of hypotension during spinal anaesthesia for caesarean delivery. An effective technique using combination phenylephrine infusion and crystalloid cohydration. Anesthesiology 2005; 103: 74450.
  • 27
    Saravanan S, Kocarev M, Wilson RC, Watkins E, Columb MO, Lyons G. Equivalent dose of ephedrine and phenylephrine in the prevention of post-spinal hypotension in Caesarean section. British Journal of Anaesthesia 2006; 96: 959.
  • 28
    James KS, McGrady E, Patrick A. Combined spinal-extradural anaesthesia for preterm and term Caesarean sections: is there a difference in local anaesthetic requirements? British Journal of Anaesthesia 1997; 78: 498501.
  • 29
    Aya AGM, Mangin R, Vialles N et al. Patients with severe preeclampsia experience less hypotension during spinal anaesthesia for elective Caesarean delivery than healthy parturients: a prospective cohort comparison. Anesthesia and Analgesia 2003; 97: 86772.
  • 30
    Moodley J, Jjuuko G, Rout C. Epidural compared with general anaesthesia for Caesarean delivery in conscious women with eclampsia. British Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology 2001; 108: 37882.
  • 31
    Levy DM. Traditional rapid sequence induction is an outmoded technique for Caesarean section and should be modified. International Journal of Obstetric Anesthesia 2006; 15: in press.
  • 32
    Why Mothers Die 2000-02. Report on confidential enquiries into maternal deaths in the United Kingdom. London: Royal College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists. http://www.cemach.org.uk .
  • 33
    Jenkins JG, Khan MM. Anaesthesia for Caesarean section: a survey in a UK region from 1992 to 2002. Anaesthesia 2004; 58: 11148.
  • 34
    Lipman S, Carvalho B, Brock-Utne J. The demise of general anesthesia in obstetrics revisited: prescription for a cure. International Journal of Obstetric Anesthesia 2005; 14: 24.
  • 35
    Reynolds F. Commentary on Moir DD. Anaesthesia for Caesarean section. An evaluation of a method using low concentrations of halothane and 50% of oxygen. British Journal of Anaesthesia 1998; 80: 6889.
  • 36
    Levy DM, Olufolabi AJ, Charlton GA. Anaesthesia for Caesarean section in women with heart disease. British Journal of Anaesthesia 2003; 90: 4012.
  • 37
    Chin KJ, Yeo SW. A BIS-guided study of sevoflurane requirements for adequate depth of anaesthesia in Caesarean section. Anaesthesia 2004; 59: 10648.
  • 38
    Hallworth SP, Fernando R, Bell R, Parry MG, Lim GH. Comparison of intrathecal and epidural diamorphine for elective Caesarean section using a combined spinal-epidural technique. British Journal of Anaesthesia 1999; 82: 22832.
  • 39
    Myint Y, Bailey PW, Milne BR. Cardiorespiratory arrest following combined spinal epidural anaesthesia for Caesarean section. Anaesthesia 1993; 48: 6846.
  • 40
    Engelhardt T, MacLennan FM. Fluid management in pre-eclampsia. International Journal of Obstetric Anesthesia 1999; 8: 2539.
  • 41
    Tuffnell DJ, Jankowicz D, Lindow SW, Lyons G, Mason GC, Russell IF, Walker JJ. Outcomes of severe pre-eclampsia/eclapmsia in Yorkshire 1999/2003. British Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology 2005; 112: 87580.
  • 42
    Royal College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists. Placenta praevia and placenta praevia accreta: diagnosis and management, 2005. http://www.rcog.org.uk/resources/Public/pdf/placenta_previa_accreta.pdf.
  • 43
    Weiniger CF, Elram T, Ginosar Y, Mankuta D, Weissman C, Ezra Y. Anaesthetic management of placenta accreta: use of a pre-operative high and low suspicion classification. Anaesthesia 2005; 60: 107984.