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References

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    Weinberg G, Ripper R, Feinstein DL, Hoffman W. Lipid emulsion infusion rescues dogs from bupivacaine-induced cardiac toxicity. Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine 2003; 28: 198202.
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    Groban L, Butterworth J. Lipid reversal of bupivacaine toxicity: has the silver bullet been identified? Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine 2003; 28: 1679.
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    Picard J, Meek T. Lipid emulsion to treat overdose of local anaesthetic: the gift of the glob. Anaesthesia 2006; 61: 1079.
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    Klein SM, Pierce T, Rubin Y, Nielsen KC, Steele SM. Successful resuscitation after ropivacaine-induced ventricular fibrillation. Anesthesia and Analgesia 2003; 97: 9013.
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    Reinikainen M, Hedman A, Pelkonen O, Ruokonen E. Cardiac arrest after interscalene brachial plexus block with ropivacaine and lidocaine. Acta Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica 2003; 47: 9046.
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    Borgeat A, Ekatodramis G, Blumenthal S. Interscalene brachial plexus anesthesia with ropivacaine 5 mg/mL and bupivacaine 5 mg/mL: effects on electrocardiogram. Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine 2004; 29: 55763.
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    Groban L, Deal DD, Vernon JC, James RL, Butterworth J. Cardiac resuscitation after incremental overdosage with lidocaine, bupivacaine, levobupivacaine, and ropivacaine in anesthetized dogs. Anesthesia and Analgesia 2001; 92: 3743.
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    Weinberg G. Reply to Drs. Goor, Groban, and Butterworth – lipid rescue: caveats and recommendations for the ‘silver bullet’. Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine 2004; 29: 745.