• 1
    Aitkenhead AR, Smith G, Rowbotham DJ. Textbook of Anaesthesia, 5th edn. Edinburgh, UK: Elsevier Churchill Livingstone, 2007.
  • 2
    Miller RD. Miller’s Anesthesia, 6th edn. Philadelphia, PA, USA: Elsevier Churchill Livingstone, 2005.
  • 3
    Pinnock CA, Lin T, Smith T, Jones RP. Fundamentals of Anaesthesia, 2nd edn. London, UK: Greenwich Medical Media, 2003.
  • 4
    Wylie WD, Healy TEJ, Knight PR. Wylie and Churchill-Davidson’s a Practice of Anesthesia, 7th edn. London, UK: Arnold, 2003.
  • 5
    Stept WJ, Safar P. Rapid induction-intubation for prevention of gastric-content aspiration. Anesthesia and Analgesia 1970; 49: 6336.
  • 6
    Morris J, Cook TM. Rapid sequence induction: a national survey of practice. Anaesthesia 2001; 56: 10907.
  • 7
    Cameron AJ. Barrett’s esophagus: prevalence and size of hiatal hernia. American Journal of Gastroenterology 1999; 94: 20549.
    Direct Link:
  • 8
    Ronkainen J, Aro P, Storskrubb T, et al. High prevalence of gastroesophageal reflux symptoms and esophagitis with or without symptoms in the general adult Swedish population: a Kalixanda study report. Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology 2005; 40: 27585.
  • 9
    Engelhardt T, Webster NR. Pulmonary aspiration of gastric contents in anaesthesia. British Journal of Anaesthesia 1999; 83: 45360.
  • 10
    Fabregat-Lopez J, Garcia-Rojo B, Cook TM. A case series of the use of the ProSeal laryngeal mask airway in emergency lower abdominal surgery. Anaesthesia 2008; 63: 13652044; doi: DOI: 10.1111/j.365-2044.08.05539.x.
  • 11
    Coley S, Mobley KA, Bone ME, Fell D. Haemodynamic changes after induction of anaesthesia and tracheal intubation following propofol or thiopentone in patients of ASA grade I and III. British Journal of Anaesthesia 1989; 63: 4238.
  • 12
    Bilotta F, Fiorani L, La Rosa I, Spinelli F, Rosa G. Cardiovascular effects of intravenous propofol administered at two infusion rates: a transthoracic echocardiographic study. Anaesthesia 2001; 56: 26671.
  • 13
    Gauss A, Heinrich H, Wilder-Smith OH. Echocardiographic assessment of the haemodynamic effects of propofol: a comparison with etomidate and thiopentone. Anaesthesia 1991; 46: 99105.
  • 14
    Absalom A, Pledger D, Kong A. Adrenocortical function in critically ill patients 24 h after a single dose of etomidate. Anaesthesia 1999; 54: 8617.
  • 15
    Crozier TA, Beck D, Schlaeger M, Wuttke W, Kettler D. Endocrinological changes following etomidate, midazolam, or methohexital for minor surgery. Anesthesiology 1987; 66: 62835.
  • 16
    Duthie DJ, Fraser R, Nimmo WS. Effect of induction of anaesthesia with etomidate on corticosteroid synthesis in man. British Journal of Anaesthesia 1985; 57: 1569.
  • 17
    Jackson WL Jr. Should we use etomidate as an induction agent for endotracheal intubation in patients with septic shock? A critical appraisal. Chest 2005; 127: 10318.
  • 18
    Zed PJ, Mabasa VH, Slavik RS, Abu-Laban RB. Etomidate for rapid sequence intubation in the emergency department: is adrenal suppression a concern? CJEM 2006; 8: 34750.
  • 19
    Thwaites AJ, Rice CP, Smith I. Rapid sequence induction: a questionnaire survey of its routine conduct and continued management during a failed intubation. Anaesthesia 1999; 54: 37681.
  • 20
    Abboud TK, Zhu J, Richardson M, Peres Da Silva E, Donovan M. Intravenous propofol vs thiamylal-isoflurane for caesarean section, comparative maternal and neonatal effects. Acta Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica 1995; 39: 2059.
  • 21
    Capogna G, Celleno D, Sebastiani M, et al. Propofol and thiopentone for caesarean section revisited: maternal effects and neonatal outcome. International Journal of Obstetric Anesthesia 1991; 1: 1923.
  • 22
    Celleno D, Capogna G, Emanuelli M, et al. Which induction drug for cesarean section? A comparison of thiopental sodium, propofol, and midazolam. Journal of Clinical Anesthesia 1993; 5: 2848.
  • 23
    Celleno D, Capogna G, Tomassetti M, Costantino P, Di Feo G, Nisini R. Neurobehavioural effects of propofol on the neonate following elective caesarean section. British Journal of Anaesthesia 1989; 62: 64954.
  • 24
    Couper JL, Lombart TP. Comparison of propofol (Diprivan) with thiopentone as induction agent for elective Caesarean section. Canadian Journal of Anaesthesia 1988; 35: S132.
  • 25
    Gin T, Gregory MA, Oh TE. The haemodynamic effects of propofol and thiopentone for induction of caesarean section. Anaesthesia and Intensive Care 1990; 18: 1759.
  • 26
    Gin T, O’Meara ME, Kan AF, Leung RK, Tan P, Yau G. Plasma catecholamines and neonatal condition after induction of anaesthesia with propofol or thiopentone at caesarean section. British Journal of Anaesthesia 1993; 70: 3116.
  • 27
    Moore J, Bill KM, Flynn RJ, McKeating KT, Howard PJ. A comparison between propofol and thiopentone as induction agents in obstetric anaesthesia. Anaesthesia 1989; 44: 7537.
  • 28
    Siafaka I, Vadalouca A, Gatziou B, Petropoulos G, Salamalekis E. A comparative study of propofol and thiopental as induction agents for elective caesarean section. Clinical and Experimental Obstetrics & Gynecology 1992; 19: 936.
  • 29
    Valtonen M, Kanto J, Rosenberg P. Comparison of propofol and thiopentone for induction of anaesthesia for elective caesarean section. Anaesthesia 1989; 44: 75862.
  • 30
    Yau G, Gin T, Ewart MC, Kotur CF, Leung RK, Oh TE. Propofol for induction and maintenance of anaesthesia at caesarean section. A comparison with thiopentone/enflurane. Anaesthesia 1991; 46: 203.
  • 31
    Perry J, Lee J, Wells G. Rocuronium versus succinylcholine for rapid sequence induction intubation. Cochrane Database Systematic Review 2003; CD002788.
  • 32
    Hayes AH, Breslin DS, Mirakhur RK, Reid JE, O’Hare RA. Frequency of haemoglobin desaturation with the use of succinylcholine during rapid sequence induction of anaesthesia. Acta Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica 2001; 45: 7469.