- Top of page
- Pharmacology of the neuromuscular blocking and reversal agents in disease states
- Reversal agents
- Efficacy and safety of sugammadex in patients with organ disease
- Conflicts of interest
The pharmacodynamics and pharmacokinetics of the currently available neuromuscular blocking and reversal drugs may be altered by organ disease. Adverse effects such as prolonged neuromuscular block, postoperative residual curarisation, recurarisation, the muscarinic effects of the anticholinesterases, and the side-effects of the antimuscarinics are encountered more frequently. This review will consider these potential problems and assess the role of sugammadex in enabling the anaesthetist to avoid them. It will also present the latest knowledge regarding the safety and efficacy of sugammadex in patients with renal, hepatic, cardiovascular and pulmonary disease.