Cardiopulmonary exercise testing as a risk assessment method in non cardio-pulmonary surgery: a systematic review

Authors


Dr Christopher Stonell
E-mail: christopher.stonell@imperial.nhs.uk

Summary

This study reviews the predictive value of maximum oxygen consumption (inline image) and anaerobic threshold, obtained through cardiopulmonary exercise testing, in calculating peri-operative morbidity and mortality in non-cardiopulmonary thoraco-abdominal surgery. A literature review provided nine studies that investigated either one or both of these two variables across a wide range of surgical procedures. Six of the seven studies that reported sufficiently detailed results on peak oxygen consumption and four of the six studies that reported sufficiently detailed results on anaerobic threshold found them to be significant predictors. We conclude that peak oxygen consumption and possibly anaerobic threshold are valid predictors of peri-operative morbidity and mortality in non-cardiopulmonary thoraco-abdominal surgery. These indicators could potentially provide a means of allocating increased care to high-risk patients.

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