SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

References

  • 1
    Gelman S. General anesthesia and hepatic circulation. Canadian Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology 1987; 65: 176279.
  • 2
    Kainuma M, Nakashima K, Sakuma I, et al. Hepatic venous hemoglobin oxygen saturation predicts liver dysfunction after hepatectomy. Anesthesiology 1992; 76: 37986.
  • 3
    Lemasters JJ, Ji S, Stemkowski CJ, Thurman RG. Hypoxic hepatocellular injury. Pharmacology, Biochemistry and Behavior 1983; 18 (Suppl. 1): 4559.
  • 4
    Maynard ND, Bihari DJ, Dalton RN, Beale R, Smithies MN, Mason RC. Liver function and splanchnic ischemia in critically ill patients. Chest 1997; 111: 1807.
  • 5
    Carmichael FJ, Crawford MW, Khayyam N, Saldivia V. Effect of propofol infusion on splanchnic hemodynamics and liver oxygen consumption in the rat. A dose-response study. Anesthesiology 1993; 79: 105160.
  • 6
    Meissner A, Weber TP, Van Aken H, Rolf N. Limited upper thoracic epidural block and splanchnic perfusion in dogs. Anesthesia and Analgesia 1999; 89: 137881.
  • 7
    Wouters PF, Van de Velde MA, Marcus MA, Deruyter HA, Van Aken H. Hemodynamic changes during induction of anesthesia with eltanolone and propofol in dogs. Anesthesia and Analgesia 1995; 81: 12531.
  • 8
    Zhu T, Pang Q, McCluskey SA, Luo C. Effect of propofol on hepatic blood flow and oxygen balance in rabbits. Canadian Journal of Anesthesia 2008; 55: 36470.
  • 9
    Leslie K, Sessler DI, Bjorksten AR, Moayeri A. Mild hypothermia alters propofol pharmacokinetics and increases the duration of action of atracurium. Anesthesia and Analgesia 1995; 80: 100714.
  • 10
    Runciman WB, Mather LE, Selby DG. Cardiovascular effects of propofol and of thiopentone anaesthesia in the sheep. British Journal of Anaesthesia 1990; 65: 3539.
  • 11
    Lange H, Stephan H, Rieke H, Kellermann M, Sonntag H, Bircher J. Hepatic and extrahepatic disposition of propofol in patients undergoing coronary bypass surgery. British Journal of Anaesthesia 1990; 64: 56370.
  • 12
    Carmichael FJ. Effects of temperature and propofol on hepatic blood flow. Anesthesia and Analgesia 1996; 82: 426.
  • 13
    Merin RG, Bernard JM, Doursout MF, Cohen M, Chelly JE. Comparison of the effects of isoflurane and desflurane on cardiovascular dynamics and regional blood flow in the chronically instrumented dog. Anesthesiology 1991; 74: 56874.
  • 14
    Armbruster K, Noldge-Schomburg GF, Dressler IM, Fittkau AJ, Haberstroh J, Geiger K. The effects of desflurane on splanchnic hemodynamics and oxygenation in the anesthetized pig. Anesthesia and Analgesia 1997; 84: 2717.
  • 15
    Marsh B, White M, Morton N, Kenny GN. Pharmacokinetic model driven infusion of propofol in children. British Journal of Anaesthesia 1991; 67: 418.
  • 16
    Minto CF, Schnider TW, Egan TD, et al. Influence of age and gender on the pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of remifentanil. I. Model development. Anesthesiology 1997; 86: 1023.
  • 17
    Perrino AC, Jr, Harris SN, Luther MA. Intraoperative determination of cardiac output using multiplane transesophageal echocardiography: a comparison to thermodilution. Anesthesiology 1998; 89: 3507.
  • 18
    Darmon PL, Hillel Z, Mogtader A, Mindich B, Thys D. Cardiac output by transesophageal echocardiography using continuous-wave Doppler across the aortic valve. Anesthesiology 1994; 80: 796805.
  • 19
    Gardeback M, Settergren G, Brodin LA. Hepatic blood flow and right ventricular function during cardiac surgery assessed by transesophageal echocardiography. Journal of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia 1996; 10: 31822.
  • 20
    Meierhenrich R, Gauss A, Georgieff M, Schutz W. Use of multi-plane transoesophageal echocardiography in visualization of the main hepatic veins and acquisition of Doppler sonography curves. Comparison with the transabdominal approach. British Journal of Anaesthesia 2001; 87: 7117.
  • 21
    Meierhenrich R, Gauss A, Vandenesch P, Georgieff M, Poch B, Schutz W. The effects of intraabdominally insufflated carbon dioxide on hepatic blood flow during laparoscopic surgery assessed by transesophageal echocardiography. Anesthesia and Analgesia 2005; 100: 3407.
  • 22
    Schutz W, Meierhenrich R, Trager K, Gauss A, Radermacher P, Georgieff M. Is it feasible to monitor total hepatic blood flow by use of transesophageal echography? An experimental study in pigs Intensive Care Medicine 2001; 27: 5805.
  • 23
    Gill RW. Measurement of blood flow by ultrasound: accuracy and sources of error. Ultrasound in Medicine and Biology 1985; 11: 62541.
  • 24
    Sakka SG, Reinhart K, Meier-Hellmann A. Comparison of invasive and noninvasive measurements of indocyanine green plasma disappearance rate in critically ill patients with mechanical ventilation and stable hemodynamics. Intensive Care Medicine 2000; 26: 15536.
  • 25
    Ayuse T, Brienza N, O’Donnell CP, Robotham JL. Pressure-flow analysis of portal vein and hepatic artery interactions in porcine liver. American Journal of Physiology 1994; 267: H123342.
  • 26
    Ezzat WR, Lautt WW. Hepatic arterial pressure-flow autoregulation is adenosine mediated. American Journal of Physiology 1987; 252: H83645.
  • 27
    Buettner M, Schummer W, Huettemann E, Schenke S, Van Hout N, Sakka SG. Influence of systolic-pressure-variation-guided intraoperative fluid management on organ function and oxygen transport. British Journal of Anaesthesia 2008; 101: 1949.
  • 28
    Chetty G, Sharpe DA, Nandi J, Butler SJ, Mitchell IM. Liver blood flow during cardiac surgery. Perfusion 2004; 19: 1536.
  • 29
    Kortgen A, Silomon M, Pape-Becker C, Buchinger H, Grundmann U, Bauer M. Thoracic but not lumbar epidural anaesthesia increases liver blood flow after major abdominal surgery. European Journal of Anaesthesiology 2009; 26: 1116.
  • 30
    Sear JW, Diedericks J, Foex P. Continuous infusions of propofol administered to dogs: effects on ICG and propofol disposition. British Journal of Anaesthesia 1994; 72: 4515.
  • 31
    Soons PA, De Boer A, Cohen AF, Breimer DD. Assessment of hepatic blood flow in healthy subjects by continuous infusion of indocyanine green. British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology 1991; 32: 697704.
  • 32
    Schindler E, Muller M, Zickmann B, Kraus H, Reuner KH, Hempelmann G. Blood supply to the liver in the human after 1 MAC desflurane in comparison with isoflurane and halothane. Anasthesiologie Intensivmedizin Notfallmedizin Schmerztherapie 1996; 31: 3448.