SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

References

  • 1
    Guignard B. Monitoring analgesia. Best Practice and Research Clinical Anaesthesiology 2006; 20: 16180.
  • 2
    von Dincklage F, Hackbarth M, Mager R, Rehberg B, Baars JH. Monitoring of the responsiveness to noxious stimuli during anaesthesia with propofol and remifentanil by using r3 reflex threshold and bispectral index. British Journal of Anaesthesia 2010; 104: 2018.
  • 3
    von Dincklage F, Send K, Hackbarth M, Rehberg B, Baars JH. Comparison of the nociceptive flexion reflex threshold and the bispectral index as monitors of movement responses to noxious stimuli under propofol mono-anaesthesia. British Journal of Anaesthesia 2009; 102: 24450.
  • 4
    Clark L, Johansen J, Mathews BM, Matute E, Seshagiri CV. Increases in the composite variability index (CVI) were associated with increases in heart rate. European Journal of Anaesthesiology 2010; 27 (Supplement 47): 61.
  • 5
    Mathews D, Clark L, Johansen J, Matute E, Seshagiri C. Lower Composite Variability Index (CVI) was associated with better clinical global impression scores. European Journal of Anaesthesiology 2009; 26 (Supplement 45): 30.
  • 6
    Skljarevski V, Ramadan NM. The nociceptive flexion reflex in humans -- review article. Pain 2002; 96: 38.
  • 7
    Sandrini G, Serrao M, Rossi P, Romaniello A, Cruccu G, Willer JC. The lower limb flexion reflex in humans. Progress in Neurobiology 2005; 77: 35395.
  • 8
    von Dincklage F, Velten H, Rehberg B, Baars JH. Monitoring of the responsiveness to noxious stimuli during sevoflurane mono-anaesthesia by using r3 reflex threshold and bispectral index. British Journal of Anaesthesia 2010; 104: 7405.
  • 9
    Shafer S, Stanski D. Defining depth of anesthesia. In: Schuettler J, Schwilden H, eds. Modern Anesthetics. Berlin: Springer, 2008: 20923.
  • 10
    Bouillon T. Hypnotic and opioid anesthetic drug interactions on the cns, focus on response surface modeling. In: Schuettler J, Schwilden H, eds. Modern Anesthetics. Berlin: Springer, 2008: 47187.
  • 11
    Luginbühl M, Schumacher PM, Vuilleumier P, et al. Noxious stimulation response index: a novel anesthetic state index based on hypnotic-opioid interaction. Anesthesiology 2010; 112: 87280.
  • 12
    Schnider TW, Minto CF, Gambus PL, et al. The influence of method of administration and covariates on the pharmacokinetics of propofol in adult volunteers. Anesthesiology 1998; 88: 117082.
  • 13
    Minto CF, Schnider TW, Egan TD, et al. Influence of age and gender on the pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of remifentanil. 1. model development. Anesthesiology 1997; 86: 1023.
  • 14
    von Dincklage F, Hackbarth M, Schneider M, Baars JH, Rehberg B. Introduction of a continual r3 reflex threshold tracking algorithm. Brain Research 2009; 1260: 249.
  • 15
    Rhudy JL, France CR. Defining the nociceptive flexion reflex (nfr) threshold in human participants: a comparison of different scoring criteria. Pain 2007; 128: 24453.
  • 16
    Bouillon TW, Bruhn J, Radulescu L, et al. Pharmacodynamic interaction between propofol and remifentanil regarding hypnosis, tolerance of laryngoscopy, bispectral index, and electroencephalographic approximate entropy. Anesthesiology 2004; 100: 135372.
  • 17
    Smith WD, Dutton RC, Smith NT. Measuring the performance of anesthetic depth indicators. Anesthesiology 1996; 84: 3851.