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Molecular tools and analytical approaches for the characterization of farm animal genetic diversity

Authors


Address for correspondence

J. A. Lenstra, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Utrecht University, Utrecht, The Netherlands.

E-mail: j.a.lenstra@uu.nl

Summary

Genetic studies of livestock populations focus on questions of domestication, within- and among-breed diversity, breed history and adaptive variation. In this review, we describe the use of different molecular markers and methods for data analysis used to address these questions. There is a clear trend towards the use of single nucleotide polymorphisms and whole-genome sequence information, the application of Bayesian or Approximate Bayesian analysis and the use of adaptive next to neutral diversity to support decisions on conservation.

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