• Centropomidae;
  • Centropomus;
  • snook;
  • Lates calcarifer;
  • culture characteristics;
  • advances


The positive features of Centropomids and Latids for cultivation are analysed and highlighted. The main life cycle characteristics as well as market prices and demands are presented. Good growth, highly efficient food conversion ratios and energy utilization allow very high biomass yields per unit volume in nursery and grow-out systems. They have shown notable tolerances to main environmental conditions, as well as considerable versatility in adapting to culture systems (cages, ponds and tanks), and culture intensity (extensive, semi-intensive, intensive and superintensive), especially in estuarine and coastal sites and ponds. These positive features provide them with a high culture potential. A general summary of their culture is presented, based on the commercial cultivation of the Asian sea bass or barramundi Lates calcarifer as well as the experimental and pilot-scale results from the main American species. The importance of hatchery fry production as an essential culture pre-requisite is emphasized, in addition to an analysis of the main difficulties and constraints for future development.