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Effects of two diets on lipid composition and reproductive performance of brill (Scophthalmus rhombus) eggs

Authors


Correspondence: I Hachero Cruzado, Instituto de Investigación y Formación Agraria y Pesquera de Andalucía (IFAPA), Junta de Andalucía. Centro Agua del Pino Carretera Cartaya – Punta Umbría s/n, E-21450 Cartaya, Huelva, Spain. E-mail: ismael.hachero@juntadeandalucia.es

Abstract

The effects of two diets with different lipid composition (squid Loligo gahi and one commercial pellet for breeders) on reproductive performance and egg lipid composition of brill (Scophthalmus rhombus) were compared. A total of 36 adult brill weighing 1482 ± 432 g were randomly distributed in the experimental tanks. A flow-through system composed of four tanks with 4.2 m2 of bottom area (5.0 m3 × 1.2 m water depth) was used. The experiment lasted for approximately 5 months (168 days). From the four mature females fed squid, three ovulated. Five females fed pellets matured and ovulated. Total ovulations were of 10 and 44, by the three females fed squid and the five ovulating female fed pellets respectively. Egg viability was higher, although not significantly, for females fed pellets. This indicates that pellets could be a better food for breeding females. In general, the egg total lipid content and the lipid classes composition did not seem to be affected by diet. In contrast, results indicate that not only diets but also individual females, regardless of the diet consumed, are determinant for egg fatty acid composition, clearly modulating their composition.

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