Effect of dietary protein and lipid levels on gonadal development of female redclaw crayfish Cherax quadricarinatus

Authors

  • Hervey Rodríguez-González,

    1. Centro de Investigaciones Biológicas del Noroeste, La Paz, México
    Current affiliation:
    1. Centro Interdisciplinario de Investigación para el Desarrollo Integral Regional Unidad Sinaloa, Instituto Politécnico Nacional, Guasave, México
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  • Alfredo Hernández-Llamas,

    1. Centro de Investigaciones Biológicas del Noroeste, La Paz, México
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  • Manuel García-Ulloa,

    1. Laboratorio de Ciencias Marinas, Universidad Autónoma de Guadalajara, Jalisco, México
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  • Humberto Villarreal

    Corresponding author
    1. Centro de Investigaciones Biológicas del Noroeste, La Paz, México
    • Correspondence: H Villarreal, Centro de Investigaciones Biológicas del Noroeste (CIBNOR), Mar Bermejo 195, Col. Playa Palo Santa Rita, La Paz, B.C.S. 23090, México. E-mail: humberto04@cibnor.mx

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Abstract

The effect of two crude dietary protein (26% and 32% P) and two lipid levels (4.7% and 12% L) on gonadal development of female redclaw crayfish Cherax quadricarinatus was determined. The gonadosomatic index (GSI), hepatosomatic index (HSI), biochemical composition of gonad and hepatopancreas, oocyte diameter and frequency of the developmental stage of oocytes were analysed. The GSI was significantly less using 26% P to 4.7% L. A significant interaction between P and L content was found for GSI. A significantly higher HSI value was obtained when L was 12%. P content in the hepatopancreas was significantly higher using 32% P and 4.7% L. The maximum L content in the hepatopancreas was obtained from the 32% P and 12% L diet. A significant interaction between P and L content was found for L content in the hepatopancreas. A higher frequency of post-vitellogenic oocytes was obtained with diets containing 32% P. There was an interaction between dietary P and L level causing lipid accumulation in the hepatopancreas and changes in GSI. For an optimum 32% P, excess dietary lipid is bioaccumulated in the hepatopancreas, indicating that there is excess available energy. When the P and L levels are restricted, there is a limited gonad development, thus affecting overall reproduction in female C. quadricarinatus.

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