3D seismic expression of fluid migration and mud remobilization on the Gjallar Ridge, offshore mid-Norway


J. P. V. Hansen, Department of Earth Sciences, C. F. Møllers Allé 110, University of Aarhus, DK-8000 Århus C, Denmark. E-mail: jenspeter@geo.au.dk


This paper presents a three-dimensional (3D) seismic analysis of sediment remobilization and fluid migration in a 2000-km2 area above the Gjallar Ridge located in the Vøring Basin, offshore Norway. Three distinct types of mounded structures have been identified as resulting from focused fluid/gas migration and associated mud remobilization and intrusion. Type A structures are gently mounded, and we infer that these structures formed because of in situ remobilization of Middle Eocene to Lower–Middle Oligocene fine-grained sediments in response to fluid and minor sediment injection via deep-seated normal faults. Type B structures comprise relatively steep-sided mounds and are restricted to the pre-Miocene interval. They are often located above narrow zones of discontinuous low-amplitude reflections resembling gas chimneys. Some of the Type B structures are associated with stacked amplitude anomalies and possible mud volcanoes at the base Pleistocene indicating their long-term significance as vertical fluid conduits. Type C structures comprise discrete mound features that seem to jack up the Top Palaeocene (Top Brygge) horizon. These are similar to hydrothermal mounds found elsewhere on the Norwegian Margin and associated with igneous sill intrusion during North Atlantic breakup. This study highlights the utility of 3D seismic data for mapping of fluid and sediment mobilization through time over large basinal areas.