SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

References

  • 1
    Abrams P , Cardozo L , Fall M , Griffiths D , Rosier P , Ulmsten U , van Kerrebroeck P , Victor A , Wein A. Standardization Sub-Committee of the International Continence Society: The standardization of terminology of lower urinary tract function recommended by the International Continence Society . Neurourol Urodyn 2002 ; 21 : 16778 .
  • 2
    Milsom I , Abrams P , Cardozo L , Roberts RG , Thuroff J , Wein AJ. How widespread are the symptoms of an overactive bladder and how are they managed? A population based prevalence study . BJU Int 2001 ; 87 : 7606 .
  • 3
    Stewart WF , Van Rooyen JB , Cundiff GW , Abrams P , Herzog AR , Corey R , Hunt TL , Wein AJ. Prevalence and burden of overactive bladder in the United States . World J Urol 2003 ; 20 : 32736 .
  • 4
    Dunn JS Jr , Ellerkmann RM , Bent AE. Pathophysiology of detrusor overactivity . J Pelvic Med Surg 2004 ; 10 : 4351 .
  • 5
    Thüroff J , Bunke B , Ebner A , Faber P , de Geeter P , Hannappel J , Heidler H , Madersbacher H , Melchior H , Schäfer W , Schwenzer T , Stöckle M . Randomized, double blind, multicenter trial on treatment of frequency, urgency and incontinence related to detrusor hyperactivity: oxybutynin versus propantheline versus placebo . J Urol 1991 ; 145 : 8136 .
  • 6
    Kelleher CJ , Cardozo LD , Khullar V , Salvatore S , Hill S. Anticholinergic therapy: the need for continued surveillance . Neurourol Urodynam 1994 ; 13 : 4326 .
  • 7
    Marcou TA , Marque S , Mazoit JX , Benhamou D. The median effective dose of tramadol and morphine for postoperative patients: a study of interactions . Anesth Analg 2005 ; 100 : 46974 .
  • 8
    Altunkaya H , Ozer Y , Kargi E , Babuccu O. Comparison of local anaesthetic effects of tramadol with prilocaine for minor surgical procedures . BJA 2003 ; 90 : 3202 .
  • 9
    de Groat WC , Kawatani M , Hisamitsu T , Cheng CL , Ma CP , Thor K , Steers W , Roppolo JR . Mechanisms underlying the recovery of urinary bladder function following spinal cord injury . J Auton Nerv Syst Suppl 1990 ; 30 : S717 .
  • 10
    Silva C , Ribeiro MJ , Cruz F. The effect of intravesical resiniferatoxin in patients with idiopathic detrusor instability suggests that involuntary detrusor contractions are triggered by C-fiber input . J Urol 2002 ; 168 : 5759 .
  • 11
    Chai TC , Gray ML , Steers WD. The incidence of a positive ice water test in bladder outlet obstructed patients: evidence for bladder neural plasticity . J Urol 1998 ; 160 : 348 .
  • 12
    Fowler CJ , Jewkes D , McDonald WI , Lynn B , de Groat WC. Intravesical capsaicin for neurogenic bladder dysfunction . Lancet 1992 ; 16 : 339 (8803) : 1239 .
  • 13
    Kuo HC. Effectiveness of intravesical resiniferatoxin for anticholinergic treatment refractory detrusor overactivity due to nonspinal cord lesions . J Urol 2003 ; 170 : 8359 .
  • 14
    Carlsson KH , Jurna I. Effects of tramadol on motor and sensory responses of the spinal nociceptive system in the rat . Eur J Pharmacol 1987 ; 139 : 110 .
  • 15
    Sagata K , Minami K , Yanagihara N , Shiraishi M , Toyohira Y , Ueno S , Shigematsu A . Tramadol inhibits norepinephrine transporter function at desipramine-binding sites in cultured bovine adrenal medullary cells . Anesth Analg 2002 ; 94 : 9016 .
  • 16
    Shiga Y , Minami K , Shiraishi M , Uezono Y , Murasaki O , Kaibara M , Shigematsu A . The inhibitory effects of tramadol on muscarinic receptor-induced responses in Xenopus oocytes expressing cloned M(3) receptors . Anesth Analg 2002 ; 95 : 126973 .
  • 17
    Grond S , Sablotzki A. Clinical pharmacology of tramadol . Clin Pharmacokinet 2004 ; 43 : 879923 .
  • 18
    Pehrson R , Andersson KE. Tramadol inhibits rat detrusor overactivity caused by dopamine receptor stimulation . J Urol 2003 ; 170 : 2725 .
  • 19
    Masuda N , Uchida W , Shirai Y , Shibasaki K , Goto K , Takenaka T. Effects of the potassium channel opener YM 934 on the contractile response to electrical field stimulation in pig detrusor smooth muscle . J Urol 1994 ; 154 : 191420 .
  • 20
    Zhou Q , Sutake N , Shibata S. Inhibitory mechanism of nicorandil in isolated rat urinary bladder and femoral artery . Eur J Pharmacol 1995 ; 273 : 1539 .
  • 21
    Yalcin I , Aksu F. Involvement of potassium channels and nitric oxide in tramadol antinociception . Pharmacol Biochem Behav 2005 ; 80 : 6975 .
  • 22
    Griffiths D , Hofner K , van Mastrigt R , Rollema HJ , Spangberg A , Gleason D. Standardization of terminology of lower urinary tract function: pressure–flow studies of voiding, urethral resistance, and urethral obstruction. International Continence Society Subcommittee on Standardization of Terminology of Pressure-Flow Studies . Neurourol Urodyn 1997 ; 16 : 118 .
  • 23
    Fleiss J. The Design and Analysis of Clinical Experiments. New York : John Wiley & Sons Inc. 1986 : 4951 .
  • 24
    Lintz W , Beier H , Gerloff J. Bioavailability of tramadol after i.m. injection in comparison to i.v. infusion . Int J Clin Pharmacol Ther 1999 ; 37 : 17583 .
  • 25
    Erlacin S , Frankus E , Uragg H. Biotransformation of tramadol in man and animal [in German ] . Arzneimittel Fortramadol Schung 1981 ; 31 : 193243 .
  • 26
    Abram P , Freeman R , Anderström D , Mattiasson A. Tolterodine, a new antimuscarinic agent: as effective but better tolerated than oxybutynin in patients with an overactive bladder . BJU 1998 ; 81 : 80110 .
  • 27
    Lehmann KA. Le tramadol dans le douleurs argues . Drugs 1997 ; 53 : 2533 .
  • 28
    Dray A , Nunan L. Supraspinal and spinal mechanisms in morphine-induced inhibition of reflex urinary bladder contractions in the rat . Neuroscience 1987 ; 22 : 2817 .
  • 29
    Anderson KE. Treatment of the overactive bladder: possible central nervous system drug targets . Urology 2002 ; 59 : 1824 .
  • 30
    Pehrson R , Stenmanb E , Andersson KE. Effects of tramadol on rat detrusor overactivity induced by experimental cerebral infarction . Eur Urol 2003 ; 44 : 4959 .
  • 31
    Pandita RK , Pehrson R , Christoph T , Friderichs E , Anderson KE. Actions of tramadol on micturition in awake, freely moving rats . Br J Pharmacol 2003 ; 139 : 7418 .
  • 32
    Khachaturian H , Watson SJ. Some perspectives on monoamine opioid peptide interaction in rat central nervous system . Brain Res Bull 1982 ; 9 : 44162 .