SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

Keywords:

  • chemoprevention;
  • haematological malignancy;
  • meta-analysis;
  • statins

Aims

Statins have been suggested to prevent haematological malignancies. Several epidemiological studies have evaluated this association, while randomized controlled trials (RCTs) on cardiovascular outcomes have provided relevant data as secondary end-points. Our aim was to examine the strength of this association through a detailed meta-analysis of the studies published in peer-reviewed literature.

Methods

A comprehensive search for articles published up to December 2006 was performed, reviews of each study were conducted and data abstracted. Prior to meta-analysis, the studies were evaluated for publication bias and heterogeneity. Pooled relative risk (RR) estimates and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were calculated using the random effects model.

Results

Fourteen studies (six RCTs, seven case–control and one cohort study) contributed to the analysis. Studies were grouped on the basis of study design, and two separate meta-analyses were conducted. There was no evidence of an association between statin use and haematological malignancies among either RCTs (RR = 0.92, 95% CI 0.72, 1.16) or the observational studies (RR = 0.83, 95% CI 0.53, 1.29). Similarly, we found no evidence of publication bias. However, high heterogeneity was detected among the observational studies.

Conclusion

Our meta-analysis findings do not support a potential role of statins in the prevention of haematological malignancies.