• coagulation;
  • Factor VII;
  • tissue factor;
  • tissue factor pathway inhibitor

Initiation of blood coagulation occurs mainly through tissue factor (TF) that becomes exposed to blood following vascular injury. Cell-associated TF binds to the serine protease FVIIa and initiates a cascade of amplified zymogen activation reactions leading to thrombus formation. As TF-FVIIa directed inhibitors might achieve anticoagulant efficacy without significantly interfering with normal haemostasis, the TF-FVIIa complex is an interesting target in thrombosis-related disease. Various approaches have been used to inhibit the TF-FVIIa complex including active site-inhibited FVIIa, TF antibodies, tissue factor pathway inhibitor (TFPI), naturally occurring inhibitors, peptide exosite inhibitors and active site inhibitors. Several experimental studies using these inhibitors have displayed promise. However, none of these TF/FVIIa inhibitors has reached clinical testing. Further studies are required to evaluate the clinical efficacy of these novel inhibitors.