Dose-independent kinetics with low level exposure to nicotine and cotinine

Authors

  • Neal L. Benowitz,

    Corresponding author
    1. Division of Clinical Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics, Medical Service, San Francisco General Hospital Medical Center, Departments of Medicine, Bioengineering & Therapeutic Sciences and the Center for Tobacco Control Research and Education, University of California, San Francisco, California, USA
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  • Delia Dempsey,

    1. Division of Clinical Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics, Medical Service, San Francisco General Hospital Medical Center, Departments of Medicine, Bioengineering & Therapeutic Sciences and the Center for Tobacco Control Research and Education, University of California, San Francisco, California, USA
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  • Rachel F. Tyndale,

    1. the Centre of Addiction and Mental Health, Departments of Psychiatry, Pharmacology and Toxicology, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
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  • Gideon St. Helen,

    1. Division of Clinical Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics, Medical Service, San Francisco General Hospital Medical Center, Departments of Medicine, Bioengineering & Therapeutic Sciences and the Center for Tobacco Control Research and Education, University of California, San Francisco, California, USA
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  • Peyton Jacob III

    1. Division of Clinical Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics, Medical Service, San Francisco General Hospital Medical Center, Departments of Medicine, Bioengineering & Therapeutic Sciences and the Center for Tobacco Control Research and Education, University of California, San Francisco, California, USA
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Dr Neal L. Benowitz MD, Division of Clinical Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics, University of California, San Francisco, Box 1220, San Francisco, CA 94143-1220, USA. E-mail: NBenowitz@MedSFGH.ucsf.edu

No abstract is available for this article.

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