• CYP3A4 induction;
  • drug−drug interaction;
  • eribulin mesylate;
  • microtubule dynamics inhibitor;
  • pharmacokinetics;
  • rifampicin


Eribulin mesylate is a non-taxane microtubule dynamics inhibitor that was recently approved for treatment of metastatic breast cancer. The aim of this study was to determine the effect of rifampicin, a CYP3A4 inducer, on the plasma pharmacokinetics of eribulin in patients with solid tumours.


An open-label, non-randomized phase I study was carried out. Patients received intravenous 1.4 mg m−2 eribulin mesylate on days 1 and 15 and oral rifampicin 600 mg on days 9 to 20 of a 28 day cycle. Pharmacokinetic sampling for determination of eribulin plasma concentrations was performed up to 144 h following administration. AUC(0,∞) and Cmax for eribulin exposure without or with co-administration of rifampicin were subjected to an analysis of variance (anova) and corresponding 90% confidence intervals (CI) were calculated. Subsequently, patients were allowed to continue eribulin mesylate treatment with 1.4 mg m−2 eribulin mesylate on days 1 and 8 of a 21 day cycle. Also the adverse event profile and anti-tumour activity were assessed.


Fourteen patients were included and 11 patients were evaluable for pharmacokinetic analysis. Co-administration of rifampicin had no effect on single dose exposure to eribulin (geometric least square means ratio: AUC(0,∞) = 1.10, 90% CI 0.91, 1.34 and Cmax = 0.97, 90% 0.81, 1.17). The most common treatment-related grade ≥3 adverse events were grade 3 neutropenia (4/14, 29%), leucopenia and fatigue (both 3/14, 21%).


These results indicate that eribulin mesylate may be safely co-administered with compounds that are CYP3A4 inducers.