A phase 1 study to evaluate the effect of dolutegravir on renal function via measurement of iohexol and para-aminohippurate clearance in healthy subjects

Authors


Correspondence

Dr Stephen C. Piscitelli PharmD, GlaxoSmithKline, 5 Moore Drive, Research Triangle Park, NC 27709, USA.

Tel.: +1 919 483 2523

Fax: +1 919 271 7951

E-mail: stephen.c.piscitelli@gsk.com

Abstract

Aim

Dolutegravir (DTG; S/GSK1349572) is under clinical development as a once daily, unboosted integrase inhibitor for the treatment of HIV infection. The effect of DTG on glomerular filtration rate (GFR), effective renal plasma flow (ERPF), and creatinine clearance (CLcr) was evaluated in 34 healthy volunteers.

Methods

Subjects received DTG 50 mg (once daily or twice daily) or placebo for 14 days. GFR was measured by iohexol plasma clearance, ERPF was assessed by para-aminohippurate plasma clearance and CLcr was measured by 24 h urine collection.

Results

All treatments were generally well tolerated. A modest decrease (10–14%) in CLcr was observed, consistent with clinical study observations. DTG 50 mg once daily and twice daily had no significant effect on GFR or ERPF compared with placebo over 14 days in healthy subjects.

Conclusions

These findings support in vitro data that DTG increases serum creatinine by the benign inhibition of the organic cation transporter 2, which is responsible for tubular secretion of creatinine.

Ancillary